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Flashcards in Chap 10-11 Deck (30)
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1

Which method of data collection is most appropriate for a nurse researcher to use In a survey study?

questionnaires

2

Why would a nurse researcher choose to use research studies that examine the associations or relationships between variables

There is application in clinical settings and a foundation for future Experimental studies

3

Why would a nurse researcher choose not to use a survey study design

Information collected is relatively superficial

4

A nurse researcher would choose to use a correlational study of multiple variables for which purpose?

To examine relationships between or among variables

5

Why would a nurse researcher choose to use correlational design for a non-experimental study

It represents an efficient and effective method of collecting large amount of data about a problem

6

A nurse researcher will choose to use a developmental study design to do what

Allow exploration of the changing nature of relationships between variables overtime

7

Which statement about cross-sectional studies is most accurate?

More than one group can be compared

8

A nurse researcher would decide to use longitudinal or prospective design for which reason

It is associated with data that are focused and deep

9

A nurse researcher would decide to use retrospective or Ex post facto study for which reason

The dependent variable has already been affected by the independent variable

10

A nurse researcher will choose an ex post facto design over more a correlational designed for which reason

There is a greater degree of control in the design

11

Which type of study should be used when data are collected at only one point in time

Cross sectional

12

Data collection instruments were sent to the same sample of women at six different times during the first year of living with breast cancer. What type of study design does this exemplified?

Longitudinal

13

What threat to internal validity is most closely associated with a longitudinal design

Mortality effects

14

What design allows study participants to serve their own controls, allowing early Trends in the data to emerge?

Longitudinal

15

The longitudinal study and the prospective study are similar for which reason?

Each moves forward in time

16

Which type of research will assist a nurse researcher in focusing on theory and development of measurement instruments

Psychometrics

17

How does an experimental research design differ from nonexperimental research design?

Non-experimental designs attempt to test differences among variables, and experimental designs attempt to establish cause-and-effect relationships

18

Advantages to use of correlational design for a study include what? Select all that apply

Efficiency and effectiveness in Data collection
Flexibility for investigating complex relationships
Strong potential for clinical real world application

19

What features identify a steady as methodologic in design? Select all that apply

A description of how the tools items were formulated
A clear definition of how the construct was measured
A reporting on the tools tested reliability and validity

20

What can a nurse researcher address in a study using a survey design? Select all that apply

Interrelationship of variables
Description of variables
Assessment of differences between variables

21

Which type of research designs are considered to be survey studies? Select all that apply

Descriptive
Exploratory
Comparative

22

Which types of research designs are considered to be relationship-difference studies? select all that apply

Correlational
Developmental
Cross-sectional

23

Which type of research designs are considered to be developmental studies? Select all that apply

Cross sectional
Longitudinal
Prospective
Cohort

24

What terms mean a summation and assessment of research studies found in the literature based on a clearly focus question?

Systematic review

25

The highest level of evidence is known to be provided by what

Meta-analysis

26

What is known to contain bibliographic information on articles and books on reviewing research and methodological studies

Cochran methodology register

27

What source contains information on studies published in conference proceedings and other sources not available in other databases?

Cochran central register of controlled trials

28

Which are methods for searching and integrating the literature related to a specific clinical issue select all that apply

Systematic review
Integrative review

29

Number the order of pieces in order that they should be found in a Cochrane review

1. Abstract
2. Plain language summary
3.type of studies reviewed
4. Types of participants
5. Implications for research and practice
6. Search methods for finding studies
7.authors and contact person
8. Objectives of the search
9. Analysis of the located studies
10. Plain language summary
11. Results
12. Reference and tables
13.data collection??
14.methods for selecting studies for review
15. Discussions

30

What is the first question that should be asked in determining whether a cross-sectional design or longitudinal design should be used in a quantitative study?

What is the nature of the problem being studied?