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Flashcards in Chap 11 Deck (41):
1

What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?

Industrial revolution

2

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?

New England

3

What is capitalism?

When people put money in investmentsi+ Americas economic system

4

What is money used for an investment?

Capitol

5

What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?

Free market system

6

What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?

Supply and demand

7

What is technology?

Anything that makes life easier

8

What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?

Patents

9

Who invented the Cotton Gin?

Eli Whitney

10

Who opened the first textile mill in the US?

Samuel slater

11

What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
England?

It grew

12

What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?

Growth of factories

13

What is the difference between urban and rural?

Urban=city
Rural=country

14

What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?

Roads steamboats and canals

15

Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?

Thomas walker

16

Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?

Will bean

17

Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?

It made passing through the amounts is easier

18

What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of
Tennessee?

It made passing through the mountains easier

19

Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?

Daniel Boone

20

Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?

Piney flats Tn

21

Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?

William Blount

22

What was important about John Sevier?

He was the first governor of Tennessee

23

What is a long hunter?

Daniel Boone

24

What is a turnpike?

A toll road

25

What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed
farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops

The Natchez trace

26

Who created the first steamboat?

Robert Fulton

27

Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?

People and goods

28

What are artificial waterways?

Canals

29

What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more
trade opportunities?

Erie

30

Who was the President in 1817?

James Monroe

31

What was the Era of Good Feelings?

Political differences faded away

32

Why did the Era of Good Feelings not last long?

Westward expansion led to sectionalism

33

What is the name for showing loyalty to a region?

Sectionalism

34

Who was a chief supporter of state sovereignty?

Henry clay

35

What was Henry Clay’s system that promoted tariffs to stimulate American
industry growth?

The American system

36

What helped preserve the balance between the North and the South?

Missouri compromise

37

What two states were involved in the Missouri Compromise?

Maine and Missouri

38

What was a court case over states rights that said that state governments could not
have power over the national government?

Mc.Colloch v. Maryland

39

Who was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for the rulings of Marbury v.
Madison and McCulloh v. Maryland?

John marshal

40

What treaty was an example of America’s military strength and allowed Florida to
become part of the country?

Adams onis

41

What statement was an important part of American foreign policy?

Monroe doctrine