Chap 12 Resp Textbook Flashcards Preview

Med Term - Exam 3 > Chap 12 Resp Textbook > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 12 Resp Textbook Deck (151)
Loading flashcards...
1

adenoids

Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils.

2

alveolus

Air sac in the lung

3

bronchioles

Smallest branches of the bronchi. Terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts.

4

bronchus

Branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube

5

diaphragm

Muscle separating the chest and abdomen. It contracts to pull air into the lungs and relaxes to push air out.

6

epiglottis

Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing.

7

expiration

Breathing out (exhalation)

8

glottis

Slit-like opening to the larynx.

9

inspiration

Breathing in (inhalation).

10

larynx

Voice box; containing the vocal cords.

11

nares

Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities

12

mediastinum

Region between the lungs in the chest cavity. It contains the trachea, heart, lymph nodes, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.

13

palatine tonsil

One of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx (palatine means pertaining to the roof of the mouth).

14

paranasal sinus

One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose

15

parietal pleura

Outer layer of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall.

16

pharynx

Throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.

17

pleura

Double-layered membrane surrounding each lung.

18

pleural cavity

Space between the folds of the pleura.

19

pulmonary parenchyma

Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli.

20

respiration

Process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing

21

visceral pleura

Inner layer of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue.

22

adenoid/o

adenoids

23

alveol/o

alveolus, air sac

24

bronch/o bronchi/o

bronchial tube, bronchus

25

bronchiol/o

bronchiole, small bronchus

26

capn/o

carbon dioxide

27

coni/o

dust

28

bronchospasm

This tightening of the bronchus is a chief characteristic of asthma and bronchitis.

29

bronchiectasis

Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from infection.

30

bronchopleural

Bronchopleural fistula is an abnormal connection between the bronchial tube and the pleural cavity (space).