Chap 13 Blood Textbook Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 13 Blood Textbook Deck (97)
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1

granulocytes

basophil
neutrophil
eosinophil

2

agranulocytes

monocyte
lymphocyte

3

basophil (0-1%)

allergens; releases histamine and heparin

4

eosinophil (1-4%)

parasitic infections, phagocyte in allergic rx

5

neutrophil (50-70%)

bacterial infection; phagocyte

6

lymphocyte (20-40%)

immune response; makes antibodies to antigens

7

monocytes (3-8%)

phagocytic cells - macrophage and diets bacteria and tissue debris

8

plasma

albumin
globulins
fibrinogen
prothrombin

9

Type A

A antigens
anti-B antibodies

10

Type B

B antigens
anti-A antibodies

11

Type AB

A & B antigens

12

Type O

anti-A & anti-B antibodies

13

blood clotting

-platelets aggregare
-tissue & clotting factors
-fibrogen to fibrin clot

14

albumin

Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood.

15

bilirubin

Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed.

16

electrophoresis

Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.

17

globulin

Plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma (immune) globulins

18

heparin

Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells.

19

immunoglobulin

Protein (globulin) with antibody activity; examples are IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD. Immun/o means protection.

20

bas/o

base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)

21

chrom/o

color

22

coagul/o

clotting

23

cyt/o

cell

24

eosin/o

red, dawn, rosy

25

erythr/o

red

26

granul/o

granules

27

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

28

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

29

is/o

same, equal

30

anisocytosis

An abnormality of red blood cells; they are of unequal (anis/o) size; -cytosis means an increase in the number of cells.