Chap 3 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 3 Part 1 Deck (35)
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1

What are the 2 main functions of Cartilage?

support and serves as a template for endochondral bone ossification

2

What are the 3 types of cartilage?

hyaline, elastic and fibrocartilage

3

Which type of cartilage is primarily collagen II fibers?

hyaline

4

Which type of cartilage is primarily elastic and collagen II?

elastic

5

Which type of cartilage is primarily collagen I and some collagen II?

fibrocartilage

6

What kind of cartilage is found in the the nasal cartilage?

hyaline

7

What kind of cartilage is found in the epiglottis?

elastic

8

What kind of cartilage is the pubic symphysis?

fibrocartilage

9

What are the 4 main components of the ground substance of hyaline cartilage matrix?

aggrecans, hyaluronic Acid, other proteoglycans, and chondronectin

10

What two things make up the matrix of hyaline cartilage?

ground substance and fibers (primarily Collagen II)

11

What are aggrecans?

large molecules composed of proteins and sulfated GAGs

12

What are the 3 types of cells associated with hyaline cartilage?

chondrogenic cells, chondroblasts, and chondrocytes

13

Which cells associated with hyaline cartilage appear very narrow, are derived from mesenchyme cells and sometimes osteoprogenitor cells, undergo mitosis and function as a source of chondroblasts?

chondrogenic cells

14

what do chondrogenic cells differentiate into?

chondroblasts or mature osteoprogenitors

15

where are chondrogenic cells located?

chondrogenic perichondrium

16

Which cells associated with hyaline cartilage differentiate into chondrocytes, produce the matrix, and have a lower nutrient requirement that allows them to be inactive for long periods of time?

chondroblasts

17

Which cells associated with hyaline cartilage are rounder and larger, located interior to the perichondrium, do not differentiate, and function to maintain the matrix/prevent calcification?

chondrocyte

18

which cell associated with hyaline cartilage probably does not undergo mitosis (but maybe)?

chondrocyte

19

T/F: chondrocytes live within a lacuna and have a very high nutrient requirement.

False; they do live in a lacuna but have a very low nutrient requirement; sometimes they exist in isogenic groups

20

Chondrocytes can sometimes secrete territorial matrix. How is territorial matrix different from regular matrix?

higher in GAGs and lower in fibers

21

Where is the perichondrium? exceptions?

peripheral to cartilage; epiphyseal growth plates and articular cartilage

22

What are the two parts of the perichondrium?

fibrous perichondrium and chondrogenic perichondrium

23

What is the primary cell type of the fibrous perichondrium? primary fiber type?

fibroblast; collagen I

24

T/F:fibrous perichondrium is avascular.

False; chondrogenic perichondrium is avascular

25

T/F: Chondrogenic perichondrium is located between fibrous perichondrium and mature cartilage.

True

26

What is the primary cell type of chondrogenic perichondrium? primary fiber type?

chondrogenic cells and chondroblasts; collagen II

27

What is perichondrium a source of and why is this important?

source of chondrogenic cells and chondroblasts which leads to more cells and matrix produced

28

T/F: all original cartilage develops from embryonic mesenchyme tissue.

True

29

What begins with a grouping of rounded mesenchymal cells that can be called a chondrogenic nodule located towards the center of the developing tissue?

Interstitial Cartilage Growth

30

Do chondroblasts divide within the chondrogenic nodule during interstitial cartilage growth?

yes