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Flashcards in chap 6 chart Deck (40):
1

Addison's Disease

Hyperpigmentation of skin and mucous membranes

2

Chronic Renal Disease

Pallor, xerosis, pruritis, hyperpigmentation, uremic frost, metastatic calcification in skin, calciphylaxis, "half & half" nails, hemodialysis-related skin disease

3

CREST Syndrome

Calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, Scerodactyly, telangiectasias

4

Crohn's Disease

Erythema nodosum, pyoderma gangreneosum, enterocutaneous fistulas, apthous ulcers

5

Cushing's Disease

Striae, skin atrophy, purport, ecchymoses, telangiectasias, acne, moon facies, buffalo hump, hypertrichosis

6

Deratomyositis

Heliotrope rahs, Gottron's papuples, periungual telangiectasias, alopecia, poikiloderma in sun-exposed areas, Raynaud's phenomenon

7

Diabetes

Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic bullae, diabetic dermopathy, granuloma annulare, acanthosis nigricans, candidiasis, neuropathic ulcers, eruptive xanthomas, peripheral vascular disease

8

Disseminated Intravascular coagulation

Skin necrosis, petechiae, eecchymoses, hemorrhagic bullae, purpura fulminans

9

Dyslipidemias

Xanthomas (tendon, eruptive, tuberous); Xanthelasma (may occur in healthy people)

10

Gonococcemia

Ertheymatous macules to hemorrhagic pustules; lesions in acral distribution that can involve palms and soles

11

Hemochromatosis

Skin bronzing and hyperpigmentation

12

Hypothyroidism

Dry, rough, and pale skin; coarse brittle hair; myxedema; alopecia (lateral third of the eyebrows to diffuse); skin cool to touch; thin and brittle nails

13

Hyperthyroidism

Warm, moist, soft, and velvety skin; thin and fine hair; alopecia; vitiligo; pretibial myxedema (in Grave's dx); in hyperpigmentation (local or generalized)

14

Infective endocarditis

Janeway lesions, osler nodes, splinter hemorrhages, petechiae

15

Kawasaki disease

mucosal erythema (lips tongue & pharynx), strawberry tongue, cherry red lips, polymorphous rash (primarily on trunk), erythema of palms and soles with later desquamation of fingertips

16

Liver disease

Jaundice, spider angiomas and other telangiectasias, palmer erythema, Terry's nails, pruritus, purport, caput medusae

17

Leukemia/Lymphoma

Pallor, exfoliative erythroderma, nodules, petechiae, ecchymoses, pruritus, vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, bullous diseases

18

Meningoccoemia

Pink macules and papules, petecchiae, hemorrhagic petechiae, hemorrhagic bullae, purpura fulminans

19

Neurofibromatoses 1 (von Recklinghausen's syndrome)

Neurofibromas, cafe-au-lait spots, freckling in the axillary and inguinal areas, plexiform neurofibroma

20

Pancreatitis (hemorrhagic)

Grey Turner sign, Cullen's sign, panniculitis

21

Pancreatic carcinoma

Panniculitis, migratory thrombophlebitis

22

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Dry, scaly, shiny atrophic skin; dystrophic, brittle toenails; cool skin; hairless shins; ulcers; pallor; cyanosis; gangrene

23

Pregnancy (physiologic changes)

Melasma, increased pigmentation of areolae, linea nigra, palmar erythema, varicose veins striae, spider angiomas, hirsutism, pyogenic granuloma

24

Reiter's syndrome

Psoriasis-like skin and mucous membrane lesions, keratoderma blennorrhagicum, balanitis circinata

25

Rheumatoid arthritis

Vasculitis, Raynaud's phenomenon, rheumatoid nodules, pyoderma gangrenosum, rheumatoid papules, erythematous to salmon-colored rashes

26

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Erythematous rash that beings on wrists and ankles, then spread to palms an doles; becomes more purpuric as it generalizes

27

Scleroderma

Thickened, taut, and shiny skin; ulcerations and pitted scars on fingertips, sclerodacyly; telangiectasias; Raynau'd phenomenon

28

Sickle cell

Jaundice, leg ulcers, pallor

29

Syphilis

First degree: Chancre (painless); Second degree: Rash ("the great imitator" - genearlized, maculopapular rash that involves the plams and soled, pustules, condylomata late, alopecia, white placques on oral and genital mucosa

30

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Photosensitivity, malar (butterfly) rash, discoid rash, alopecia, vasculitis, oral ulcers, Raynaud's phenomenon

31

Thrombocytopenic purpura

Petecchia, ecchymoses

32

Tuberous sclerosis

Adenoma sebaceum (angiofibromas), ash-leaf spots, shagreen patch periungal fibromas

33

Ulcerative Colitis

Erythema nodosum, pyoderma gangrenosum

34

Coxsackie A (Hand, foot, and mouth)

Oral ulcers, macules, papules, and vesicles on hands, feet and buttocks

35

Erythema infectiousm (Fifths disease)

erythema of cheeks followed by erythematous, pruritus, reticulated (netlike) rash that starts on trunk and proximal extremities (rash worsens with sun, fever and temp changes)

36

Roseola infantum (HSV 6)

erythematous, maculopapular, discrete rash (often fever present) that begins on head and spreads to involve trunk and extremities, petecchiae on soft palate

37

Rubella (German measles)

Erythematous, maculopapular, discrete less confluent rash (ofern fever present) that beings on head and spread to involve trunk and extremities, petecchiae on soft palate

38

Rubeola (measles)

Erythematous, maculopapular rash that begins on head and spreads to involve trunk and extremities (lesions become confluent on face and trunk, but are discrete on extremities), Koplik spots on buccal mucosa

39

Varicella (chickenpox)

Generalized, pruritic, vesicular (vesicles on an erythematous base, "dewdrop on a rose petal") rash beings on trunk and spreads peripherally, lesions appear in crops and are in different stages of healing

40

Herpes Zoster (shingles)

Pruritic or painful vesicular rash (vesicles on an erythematous base) in a dermatomal distribution