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History Patterns - Unit 4 > Chap 7 Notecards > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 7 Notecards Deck (28)
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1

Pueblo

 

  1. Previously lived in pithouses, took too much space when people were coming
  2. Buildings several stories high and had many rooms, similar to modern apartment buildings
  3. Able to accomodate more people, more people in the city

2

Maize

why? cause?

Iroquois farmed in hot climates, became very valuable for people in the desert

3

Maize

definition?

word for corn

4

Maize

consequence?

Iroquois farm crops, such as beans, squash, and maize; fed many people 

5

Slash and burn agriculture

why? cause?

Mayas lived in small villages who benefitted from good rainfall and rich soils; rain forest environment caused farming challenge

6

Slash and burn agriculture

definition?

Method of farming which involves burning vegetation to clear land for planting

7

Slash and burn agriculture

consequence?

Allowed new crops to be planted

farmers built flat terraces on the hillside

8

Glyphs

cause?  why?

Mayans developed a complex writing system to keep records

9

Glyphs

definition?

Mayan symbols that represented objects and sound

10

Glyphs

consequence?

Carved writing into large stone monuments (stelae) and kept written records

11

Adobe

cause?  why?

The Hohokam built shallow canals for irrigation

built pithouses to store water; the growth of population in North America led to the development of kivas

12

Adobe

definition?

structures built above the ground, that are made from sun-dried bricks of straw and clay

13

Adobe

consequence?

kept inside warm in winter and cool in summer; possible to expand into a giant complex

14

Pachacuti

cause? why?

1400s, used political alliances and military force to gain territory

15

Pachacuti

definition?

Leader of the Inca empire, based in Cuzco

16

Pachacuti

consequence?

Rapid expansion of empire

17

Quipu

cause? why?

No written language among Inca; need to keep records of government supplies/resources

18

Quipu

definition?

Set of colored and knotted cords used to keep records in Inca society; may have been 3D language

represents numbers or dates

19

Quipu

consequence?

Allows for precise management of goods/resources

20

Census

cause? why?

Incan government gathered information for tax purposes

21

Census

definition?

population data, used by government for taxes and distribution of resources

22

Census

consequence?

increased government power and efficiency, since people could not read census

23

Obsidian

cause?

heat at the earth's core produces volcanos and magma; need to eat in Americas

24

Obsidian 

definition?

volcanic glass used by many people of the Americas to fashion knives, swords, and other tools

25

Obsidian

consequence?

allows cutting for war, production, trade, in absense of metal blades

26

vertiral integration

cause?

diverse climates/biomes within one region

27

vertical integration

definition?

use of entire range of resources across multiple ckimate zones by one civilization

28

vertical integration

consequence?

allows for sophisticated economy and specialization thanks to abundance/diversity of resources