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Flashcards in Chap 7.1 Slides Deck (29)
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1

Not sure how first Americans arrived.

Many theories.  Most popular is the _____________

Beringia Ice bridge

2

The geography of most of southwestern US and northern Mexico is ________

Desert

3

________ flourished from 100 BC to AD 1500

Hohokam

4

What did Hohokam learned to do in the desert?

Built shallow canals for ___________

Planted __________

Directed water to ______  _______

•Learned to farm in the desert

–Built shallow canals for irrigation

–Planted crops

–Directed water to crop mounds

5

Hohokam expanded ____________.

Channeled ________ into __________

irrigation system

Channeled water into villages

6

Hohokam build structures called _________.

Describe these structures.

 

Adobe

Created pithouses, dwellings formed by digging shallow holes in the ground and building walls and roofs with mixture of clay and straw

 

7

The _________lived in the Desert West near the Hohokam from about 100 BC to AD 1300

Anasazi

8

Anasazi build pithouses called __________

Pueblos

9

What were the Pueblos like?

•Also developed the pueblo

–Several stories high

–Many rooms

–Similar to apartments

10

Villages also had underground rooms called ______.

What were these used as?

 

kivas

Used as meeting places, for religious ceremonies

11

Another type of Anasazi architecture were  ___________

How were these build?

What purpose were these?

cliff dwellings

Pueblos built in shallow caves in walls of rocky canyon

Limited accessibility offered protection from attack

12

This group called ________ lived in eastern woodlands, near Ohio and Mississippi river valleys

Hopewell

13

Hopewell were known as ___________ living during this time _______

Mound builders, 200 BC to AD 500

14

What did the Mound Builders build?

What do their size suggests?

•Built large stone and earth mounds as burial sites

•Size suggests some form of organized labor

15

Hopewell build _________ and buried objects like ________.

What evidence shows this?

Hopewell buried objects like pottery and metal ornaments.

Shells from Gulf of Mexico have been found

16

What did Hopewell develop?

When did the culture begin to decline?

 

•Hopewell developed extensive trade network

•Culture began to decline AD 400, cause not clear

17

This group __________ also lived in eastern woodlands, near Ohio and Mississippi river valleys

Mississippian

18

The Mississippian built _________

•Built some of the earliest cities in North America

19

__________had population up to 20,000 people

Cahokia had population up to 20,000 people

20

How did the Mississippians live?

•Contained more than 100 mounds, with ruler living atop largest in city center

21

Cahokia show evidence of ______ and ________skills

•Mathematical and engineering skills evident

22

What do the mounds build by the Cahokia show?

•Different types of soils in mounds for proper drainage

•Artifacts show complex society, differences between common people and those with status

23

Another culture of North America was _________ that lived in the Arctic regions.

How did they live?

The Inuit

•Lived in the Arctic regions of North America

•Frozen, meant no vegetation for food source

•Hunters and fishers

24

What did the INUIT do year-round to live?

Year-round hunting

•Used kayaks to hunt sea mammals, caught fish through holes in ice

•Hunted caribou in summer, used skins and furs for warm clothing

•Houses were igloos, made from ice blocks

25

The _________ lived in eastern North America

The Iroquois

•Lived in eastern North America

•Relied on materials from the forest

•Built longhouses

26

How did the Iroquois live?

Hunting and farming

•Trapped forest animals for food

•Farmed crops such as beans, squash, maize

27

The Iroquois included tribes such as _______ and formed  government called __________

Five different nations

•Iroquois included Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca

•formed government, Iroquois League

28

Another culture were the Plains Indians.  

How did they live?

Plains Indians

•Like Iroquois, Plains Indians consisted of different tribes

•Not all spoke same language

•Developed a form of sign language to communicate when they met

29

The Plains Indians lived along _____________.  They moved around by following _________.

What was at the center of the Plains Indians lives?

•Plains Indians originally lived along rivers and streams 

•Followed buffalo herds over long distances

•Buffalo center of lives, with buffalo meat as food, skins for clothing and tents, and bones and horns for tools