Chapter #1, #2, #3Vocab Flashcards Preview

Physio 320 > Chapter #1, #2, #3Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter #1, #2, #3Vocab Deck (273)
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1

Neurons

that receive and transmit electrochemical signals

2

Neuroscience

the scientific study of the nervous system

3

Thinking Critically

thinking in productive, unconventional ways

4

Clinical

pertaining to illness or treatment

5

Evolutionary Perspective

the approach that focus on environmental pressures that likely led to the evolution of the characteristics of current species

6

Biopsychology

the scientific study of the biology of behavior

7

Comparative Approach

It’s a component of the evolution perspective; tries to better understand a biological phenomenon by comparing them in different species

8

Between-Subjects Designs

different group tested under each condition

9

Within-Subjects Design

test same group under each condition

10

Independent Variable

variable being manipulated

11

Confound

A variable that is not accounted forA variable that is not accounted for

12

Coolidge Effect

a copulating male who becomes incapable of copulating with just one partner can recommence copulating with a new partner

13

Lordosis

posture of female rat sexual receptivity

14

Quasi experiment

No random but manipulation

15

Case Study

focuses on single case or subject

16

Generalizability

the degree to which their results can be applied to other studies

17

Pure Research

motivated primarily by the curiosity of the researcher

18

Applied Research

Research to bring about some direct benefit to humankind

19

Physiological Psychology

study of the neural mechanisms of behavior by manipulating the nervous systems of non-human animals in controlled experiments. ex intentionally damage an area of the brain.

20

Psychopharmacology

study of the effects of drugs on the brain and behavior. ex develop meds to help disorders

21

Neuropsychology

study of the psychological effects of brain damage in human patients. ex HM and Pheus Gage

22

Cerebral Cortex

the outer layer of the cerebral hemisphere

23

Psychophysiology

Study of the relation between physiological activity and psychological processes in human subjects by noninvasive physiological recording. ex EEG and heart monitors

24

Electroencephalogram

measures brain activity in the scalp

25

Autonomic Nervous System

part of peripheral nervous system and regulation of body’s internal environment

26

Cognitive Neuroscience

study of human cognition, through the use of brain imaging

27

Cognition

higher intellectual processes such as thought, memory, attention and complex perceptual processes

28

Comparative Psychology

study of evolution, genetics and adaptiveness of behavior, largely through the use of the comparative method

29

Ethological Research

study of animal behavior in its natural environment

30

Converging Operations

different approaches are focused on a single problem in such a way that the strengths of one approach compensates for the weaknesses of the others