Chapter 11, 12 & 15 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Physio 320 > Chapter 11, 12 & 15 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11, 12 & 15 Vocabulary Deck (311)
Loading flashcards...
1

Learning

The brain?s ability to change in response to experience

2

Memory

The brain?s ability to store and access the learned effects of experience

3

Amnesia

Any pathological loss of memory

4

Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy

The removal of the medial portions of both temporal lobes including the hippocampus, amygdala and adjacent cortex.

5

Hippocampus

A structure of the medial temporal lobes that plays a role in memory for spatial location

6

Lobotomy

Operation in which a lobe is separated from the rest of the brain

7

Amygdala

Structure in the anterior temporal lobe, just anterior to the hippocampus; plays a role in emotion

8

Retrograde Amnesia

Inability to recall things prior to the episode

9

Anterograde Amnesia

Inability to form new memories since the episode

10

Short Term Memory

The capacity for holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time

11

Digit Span

The number of digits (numbers) one can remember

12

Digit Span + 1 Test

HM failed this test. People can normally repeat 15 digits after 25 digit span + 1 trials

13

Block-Tapping Memory-Span Test

9 blocks spread out on a board. Repeat a sequence. HM could do 5 block sequences but not 6

14

Block-Tapping Span

HM was within normal range of 5.

15

Global Amnesia

Amnesia for info presented in all sensory modalities

16

Block-Tapping Memory Span Test

Assesses visuo-spatial short term working memory. It involves mimicking a researcher as he/she taps a sequence of up to nine identical spatially separated blocks.

17

Mirror-Drawing Test

Like the straw drawing test we did. HM did not have problem with all long term memory. Over a three day set of trials, he got better at the drawing task, even though he could not remember performing the task the days before

18

Rotary-Pursuit Test

Try to keep the stylus on the revolving turntable. . Over a 9 day set of trials, he got better at the task, even though he could not remember performing the task the days before

19

Incomplete-Pictures Test

HM was capable of forming long term with the incomplete picture task. Presented five sets of fragmented drawings then progresses to showing more and more of the completed picture.

20

Remote Memory

memory that is serviceable for events long past, but not able to acquire new recollections

21

Memory Consolidation

Transfer of short-term memory to long-term memory

22

Explicit Memories

Conscious memory

23

Implicit Memories

unconscious memory

24

Medial Temporal Lobe Amnesia

Medial temporal lobe damage

25

Repetition Priming Tests

Tests that have been developed to assess implicit memory (incomplete picture test is an example)

26

Semantic Memories

Knowledge based memory

27

Episodic Memories

Personal memories or particular events

28

Autobiographical Memories

SAME AS EPISODIC

29

Cerebral Ischemia

Have experienced an interruption of blood supply to their brain

30

Pyramidal Cell Layer

a type of neuron found in areas of the brain including cerebral cortex, the hippocampus, and in the amygdala. Pyramidal neurons are the primary excitation units of the mammalian prefrontal cortex and the corticospinal tract.