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Health care practitioners

Those who are trained to administer medical or health care to patients

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Litigious

Prone to engage in lawsuits

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Plaintiff

The person bringing charges in a lawsuit

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Defendant

The person or party against whom criminal or civil charges are brought in a lawsuit

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Liable

Legally responsible or obligated

5

Precedent

Decisions made by judges in the various courts that become rule of law and apply to future cases, even though they were not enacted by a legislature; also known as case law

6

Summary judgement

A decision made by a court in a lawsuit in response to a motion that pleads there is no basis for a trial

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Fraud

Dishonest or deceitful practices in depriving, to attempting to deprive, another of his or her rights

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Law

Rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority

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Ethics

Standards of behavior, developed as a result of one's concept of right and wrong

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Moral values

One'so personal concept of right and wrong, formed through the influence of the family, culture, and society

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Code of ethics

A list of principles intended to govern behavior- here, the behavior of those entrusted with providing care to the sick

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Ethics guidelines

Publications that detail a wide variety of ethical situations that professionals (in this case, health care practitioners) might face in their work and other principles for dealing with the situation in an ethical manner

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Hippocratic oath

A pledge for physicians, developed by the Greek physician Hippocrates circa 400 B.C.E.

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American medical association principles

A code of ethics for members of the American medical association, written in 1847.

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Bioethics

A discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research methods and results, especially in medicine

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Medical ethicist or bioethicist

Specialist who consult with physicians, researchers, and others to help them make difficult ethical decisions regarding patient care

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Ethics committee

Committee made up of individuals who are involved in a patient's care, including health care practitioners, family members, clergy, and others, with the purpose of reviewing ethical issues in difficult cases

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Etiquette

Standards of behavior considered to be good manners among members of a profession as they function as individuals in society

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Protocol

A code prescribing correct behavior in a specific situation, such as a situation arising in a medical office

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Courtesy

The practice of good manners

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Compassion

The identification with and understanding of another's situation, feeling, and motives

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Common sense

Sound practical judgement

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Critical thinking

The ability to think analytically, using fewer emotions and more rationality