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1

Abnormal psychology

The scientific study of abnormal behavior in an effort to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning

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Deviance

Abnormal psychological functioning is deviant from societal norms; different, extreme, unusual, bizarre

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Norms

A society's stated and unstated rules for proper conduct

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Culture

A people's common history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts

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Distress

Abnormal psychological functioning is distressing; unpleasant and upsetting to the person

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Dysfunction

Abnormal psychological functioning is dysfunctional; interfering with the person's ability to conduct daily activities in a constructive way

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Danger

Abnormal psychological functioning is possibly dangerous to oneself or others

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Treatment

A systematic procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior. Also called therapy.

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Trephination

An ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull, perhaps to treat abnormal behavior

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Humors

According to the Greeks and Romans, bodily chemicals that influence mental and physical functioning

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Asylum

A type of institution that first became popular in the sixteenth century to provide care for persons with mental disorders. Most became virtual prisons.

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Moral treatment

A nineteenth-century approach to treating people with mental dysfunction that emphasized moral guidance and humane and respectful treatment

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State hospitals

State-run public mental institutions in the United States

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Somatogenic perspective

The view that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes

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Psychogenic perspective

The view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological

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General paresis

An irreversible disorder with both physical and mental symptoms, including paralysis and delusions of grandeur

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Hypnosis

Procedure that places people in a trancelike mental state during which they become extremely suggestible

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Psychoanalysis

Either the theory or the treatment of abnormal mental functioning that emphasizes unconscious phycological forces as the cause of psychopathology

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Psychotropic medications

Drugs that mainly affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunctioning

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Deinstitutionalization

The practice, begun in the 1960s, of releasing hundreds of thousands of patients from public mental hospitals

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Private psychotherapy

An arrangement in which a person directly pays a therapist for counseling services

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Prevention

Interventions aimed at determining mental disorders before they develop

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Positive psychology

The study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits, and abilities

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Multicultural psychology

The field of psychology the examines the impact of culture, race, ethnicity, gender, and similar factors on out behaviors and thoughts, including abnormal behaviors and thoughts

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Managed care program

A system of health care coverage in which the insurance company largely controls the nature, scope, and cost of medical or psychological services

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Scientific method

The process of systematically gathering and evaluating information through careful observations to fain an understanding of a phenomenon

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Case study

A detailed account of a person's life and psychological problems

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Correlation

The degree to which events or characteristics vary along with each other

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Correlational method

A research procedure used to determine how much events or characteristics vary along with each other

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Epidemiological study

A study the measures the incidence and prevalence of a disorder in a given population