Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

AMH 2010 Midterm > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (55)
Loading flashcards...
1

In the Columbian Exchange, the Old World and the New World exchanged ________.

animal, plant, and microbial life forms

2

The most significant factor that allowed large numbers of nomadic hunters to enter the heart of North America was ________

the search for new food supplies

3

The agricultural practices of pre-Columbian tribes in the Northeast were characterized by:

a rapid exploitation of the land.

4

Cahokia was a large trading center located near what present-day city?

St. Louis

5

Distinct regional cultures developed among the peoples of North America between 10,000 and 2,500 years ago. Over centuries distinct groups developed their own:

languages, social organizations, religious beliefs and practices, governments
E) All of the above

6

Which of the following groups lived in what is now known as the Four Corners region of the United States?

Anasazi

7

The eastern third of what is now the United States was inhabited by the:

woodland Indians.

8

The Aztecs were the first group to build cities in the "new world."

False

9

The single greatest factor that caused the destruction of Native Americans after contact with Europeans was ________.

disease

10

Mounds built by the Adena and Hopewell cultures of the Ohio and Mississippi valleys, were built as sacrificial platforms for their religious ceremonies.

False

11

Most modern archeologists would agree that the earliest inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere came from which of the following areas of the world?

Asia

12

In the Great Plains region, most pre-Columbian societies:

hunted buffalo for survival.

13

The first truly complex society in the Americas was that of the:

Olmec.

14

The Mississippian people were from the:

Eastern Woodlands.

15

The early Native peoples who inhabited most of present-day Canada and Alaska, survived mostly by hunting and fishing.

True

16

The distinctive feature of Iroquois and Huron architecture was not the temple mound, but the:

longhouse.

17

About 15,000 years ago B.P., which land bridge was used by migrants to cross between Siberia and Alaska?

Bering Strait

18

Recently, scholars have begun to find evidence of incredible manipulations of landscapes and environments in the least likely of places.

the Amazon rainforest.

19

The Columbian Exchange was _____.

the ecological transformation which resulted from European contact with the Americas

20

Which of the following, built around 1300, contained more than 2,000 rooms and had a water and sewage removal system?

Paquime

21

Today it is generally believed that there were fewer Native Americans when the Europeans arrived than there were a century later.

False

22

In an effort to ensure that his American colonies contributed to England's prosperity, King Charles II initiated a series of regulations known as the:

Navigation Acts.

23

Which of the following most characterized the Virginia colony in its first two decades?

high death rate

24

The English Reformation began with a political dispute between king and pope not with a religious dispute over matters of theology.

True

25

The first European power to explore North America's interior were the:

Spanish.

26

What created the conditions of unrest in the Chesapeake that led to local rebellions?

diminishing economic opportunity

27

Portuguese exploration of the late fifteenth century concentrated on finding a route to the Orient by sailing around Africa.

True

28

The horse, oranges, and bananas were three New World products introduced to Europe.

False

29

The early Spanish settlers were successful at establishing plantations, but not at finding gold or silver.

False

30

After 1680, Chesapeake planters began to rely more heavily on African slave labor than on indentured white servants for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that:

whites were developing a more egalitarian society.