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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (21)
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In order to gain the support of moderates and conservatives the Second Continental Congress adopted the "Olive Branch Petition," which affirmed American loyalty to George III.



Most men preferred to fight as "regular" troops in the Continental Army, with a guarantee of a cash bounty and a yearly clothing issue, than as "irregular" troops in the local militias.



Women, sometimes by choice, but more often by necessity, flocked to the camps of the Patriot armies during the Revolutionary War.



The Olive Branch Petition which was sent to the colonists by King George III offering them an opportunity to affirm their loyalty to the crown, was rejected by the Second Continental Congress.



The principal Americans who negotiated the peace terms with the British were:

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay.


In spite of rhetoric proclaiming "all men are created equal," slavery survived in America for nearly a century after the Revolution because whites:

harbored racist assumptions about the natural inferiority of blacks.


What was the role of the colonial militias?

They maintained political control in areas not occupied by British troops.


In the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution, the British:

badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists.


Most of America's war materials came from:

foreign aid.


Which of the following actions on the part of the Britain increased American colonists' support for the war?

seizing colonial merchant ships on the high seas--offering freedom to any slaves who would join the British--shelling of Norfolk, Virginia, reducing the town to smoldering rubble
D. All of the above


During the American Revolution, enslaved African Americans in the colonies:

attempted to escape bondage by different means, including escaping to the North, and serving in the revolutionary or British armies.


At the start of the Revolution, American advantages over the British included a:

greater commitment to the war.


The areas that least supported the Revolution were the middle colonies and the southern colonies.



The rebelling colonies had access to sufficient local resources to fight a successful revolution.



The Smallpox epidemic that first broke out among American troops in Québec, spread throughout the North American continent, claiming more lives than the Revolutionary War total death toll.



The imperial powers of Britain, Spain and France, and the United States pressed the Indian tribes to become allies and attacked them when they did not

Despite great triumphs on the battlefield and at the diplomatic bargaining table, the Continental Army suffered at Valley Forge because:


In the war for independence, most Native Americans:

were pressed by the European powers to become allies.


During the winter of 1776-1777, the British gained the support of the civilian populations in New York and New Jersey, when they defeated the Continental army at Trenton.



The Declaration of Independence based the case for independence on:

George III's infringements on American liberty.


The initial fighting in the war occurred in New England; most engagements in the two years after the Declaration of Independence took place in ________; and the conflict in the later war years raged across ________.

the middle states (New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania); the Carolinas and Virginia


The chapter introduction tells the story of the Battle of Bunker Hill to make the point that:

a key in that battle and throughout the war was whether Americans would really fight to win their independence.