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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (15)
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1

Which of the following early Spanish explorers was made a slave by Indians, later escaped, and made an extraordinary trek across Texas and northern Mexico?

Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

2

As of the sixteenth century, Europeans had generally built up a greater immunity to smallpox than had the Native Americans.

True

3

The men largely responsible for Spain's conquest of the New World were known as:

los conquistadores.

4

Puritans were the first English colonizers.

False

5

After having spent several years conquering and profiting from the natives, this Spaniard became a Dominican Friar and spoke out against their exploitation.

Bartolomé de las Casas

6

The slave trade within Africa did not become prominent until the Europeans began to demand slave labor for the New World.

False

7

When Europeans arrived in North America, native tribes were generally able to unite in opposition to white encroachments on their land.

False

8

Christopher Columbus called the native people he encountered on his voyages "Indians" because:

he believed they came from the East Indies in the Pacific.

9

The first permanent Spanish settlement in what is now the United States was:

St. Augustine.

10

On his first voyage to the New World, Columbus realized that he had not reached Japan or China.

False

11

In the sixteenth century, the market for slaves grew dramatically as a result of:

the rising European demand for sugar cane.

12

The colony of Virginia was named in honor of:

Elizabeth I.

13

The first and perhaps most profound result of the meeting of native and European cultures was the:

importation of European diseases.

14

The Portuguese explored West Africa searching for ________.

slaves, gold, ivory, malaguetta pepper
E. All of the above

15

Cortés might not have been able to defeat the Aztecs had it not been for an epidemic of smallpox that decimated the native population.

True