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Flashcards in chapter 1 Deck (65):
1

inter

between

2

ultra

excessive

3

anti

against

4

a

without

5

bi

two

6

pre

before

7

poly

many

8

neo

new

9

peri

around

10

hyper

excessive

11

plasty

surgical repair

12

megaly

enlargment

13

rrhagia

burst forth

14

penia

reduction

15

necr/o

death

16

toxic/o

poison

17

acr/o

extremity

18

angi/o

vessel

19

cyt/o

cell

20

melan/o

black

21

-cele

pouching, hernia

22

-ecasis

expansion, dilation

23

-emia

blood condition

24

-iasis

formation or presence of

25

-malacia

softening

26

-oma

tumor

27

-osis

condition or increase

28

-phil, -philia

attraction for

29

-plasia

formation of

30

-ptosis

falling, dropping

31

-rrhage

bursting forth

32

-rrhexis

rupture

33

-algia, -dynia

pain

34

-genic, -genesis

origin, production

35

-lysis

breaking down

36

-oid

resembling

37

-penia

abnormal reduction

38

-rrhea

discharge

39

-spasm

involuntary contraction

40

-centesis

surgical puncture

41

-desis

binding

42

-ectomy

excision

43

-pexy

surgical fixation

44

-plasty

surgical repair

45

-rrhaphy

suture

46

-tomy

incision

47

-stomy

new incision

48

-tripsy

crushing

49

-ia, -ism

condition of

50

-ium

structure or tissue

51

-y

condition or process of

52

-icle, -ole, -ula, -ule

small

53

-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ical, -ous, -tic

pertaining to

54

-gram

record

55

-graph

instrument for recording

56

-iatrics, -iatry

treatment

57

-ist

one who specializes in

58

-meter

instrument for measuring

59

-metry

process of measuring

60

-poiesis

formation

61

-scope

instrument for examination

62

-stasis

stop or standing still

63

what is the point of the suffix

gives specific meaning by altering a root:
disease, surgical procedures, quantities, increase/decrease, direction

64

what are the rules for building medical terms

#1 a root word links a suffix that begins with a vowel. #2 A combing form (root+o) links a suffix that begins with a suffix. #3 A combining form links a root to another root to form compound word.

65

four components of medical term is

root word, combining form, suffix, and prefix