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Flashcards in chapter 4 Deck (78):
1

area of pathologically altered tissue

lesion

2

condition of hardness

keratoses

3

solid mass on skin up to .5 cm in diameters; raised

papule

4

resembles warts

verrucous

5

freezing off

cryotherapy

6

scrapping it off

curettage

7

specialist in the study of skin

dermatologist

8

surgical repair of the skin

dermoplasty

9

tumor of sweat gland

hidradenoma

10

abnormal condition of hair

trichosis

11

disease of the skin

dermatopathy

12

abnormal condition of sweat

hidrosis

13

fat cell

adipocyte

14

excision of fat

lipectomy

15

abnormal condition of hardening

sclerosis

16

second layer of skin

dermis

17

tumor of a nail

onychoma

18

softening of skin

dermomalacia

19

hernia containing fatty tissue

lipocele

20

skin that is dry

xeroderma

21

abnormal conditon of yellow

xathosis

22

skin transplant using ones own skin

autograft

23

instrument used to cut skin

dermatome

24

abnormal condition of black skin

dermomelanosis

25

bluish discoloration

cyanosis

26

black tumor

melanoma

27

adip/o, lip/o, steat/o

fat

28

derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o

skin

29

erythr/o

red

30

hidr/o

sweat

31

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

32

kerat/o

hard

33

leuk/o

white

34

melan/o

black

35

myc/o

fungus

36

onych/o

nail

37

plas/o

formation

38

purpur/o

purple

39

scler/o

hard

40

seb/o

sebum (oil)

41

squam/o

scale

42

trich/o

hair

43

xanth/o

yellow

44

xer/o

dry

45

lesions arising from previously normal skin

primary lesions

46

flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1 cm across ex. freckles

macule

47

flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm ex. vitiligo

patch

48

solid mass on the skin up to .5 cm in diameter ex. a mole

papule

49

solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter and limited to the surface of the skin

plaque

50

solid mass greater than 1 cm that extends deeper into the epidermis

nodule

51

solid mass larger than 1-2 cm

tumor

52

area of localized skin edema ex. hives

wheal

53

little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under the epidermis up to .5 cm in diameter ex. a fever blister

vesicle

54

blister larger than .5 cm
ex. a second degree burn

bulla

55

pus filled sac ex. pimple

pustule

56

lesions that result in changes in primary lesions

secondary lesions

57

gnawed away; loss of superficial epidermis, leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding

erosion

58

open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar

ulcer

59

scratch mark

excoriation

60

linear crack in the skin

fissure

61

blood vessels

vascular lesions

62

red blood tumor

cherry angioma

63

small dilated blood vessels

telangiectasia

64

resulting from hemorrahages in skin

purpuric lesions

65

skin tumors coming from epidermis

epidermal tumors

66

birthmark

nervus

67

mole with precancerous changes

dysplastic nevus

68

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

69

male pattern baldness

alopecia

70

blackhead caused by plug of sebum in hair follicle opening

comedo

71

appearance of a lesion

eruption

72

reddness of skin

erythema

73

severe itching

pruritus

74

general term for skin eruption

rash

75

production of purulent matter (pus)

suppuration

76

hives; eruption of wheals accompanied by itching

urticaria

77

white patches on skin caused by loss of melanin

vitiligo

78

dry skin

xeroderma