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Medical Terminology > musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in musculoskeletal Deck (75):
1

cartilage

chondr/o

2

levels or organization

organism
system
organs
tissue
cell

3

organs

viscer/o

4

comprised of specialized tissue

organs

5

tissue

hist/o, histi/o

6

smallest unit of life; basic building block

cell

7

cell

cyt/o

8

nucleus

kary/o, nucle/o

9

contents of the main fluid-filled space inside cells; carries on work of cells including chemical reaction

cytoplasm

10

controlling structure

nucleus

11

separates cell from external environment and protect cell

cell membranes

12

provides support and shape to the body through bones and cartilage

skeleton

13

cover bones and supply the force needed to make movement possible; produce body heat

muscles

14

bones of shoulder, pelvis, upper and inner extremities

appendicular skeleton

15

bones of skull, vertebrae, chest

axial skeleton

16

connective tissue comprised of osteocytes

bone

17

dense, closely packed osteocytes

compact bone

18

mesh like, contains marrow, blood vessels

spongy bone

19

portion of bone that grows during childhood

metaphysis

20

joint

articulation

21

ends of long bones

epiphysis

22

protective tissue around bone; tough and contains blood vessels and nerves

periosteum

23

middle of bone; includes red bone marrow, yellow bone marrow, and bone marrow

medullary cavity

24

muscle to bone; tough CT on each side of joint

tendons

25

tendon

ten/o, tend/o

26

bone to bone; tough elastic bands of CT

ligaments

27

protects bone; helps reduce friction during movement of a joint

cartilage

28

fluid-filled sacs between bones, ligaments, or other adjacent structures help cushion friction in joint

bursa

29

clear, sticky fluid secreted by synovial membrane

synovial fluid

30

curved part of cartilage in knees and other joints

meniscus

31

disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to fracture

osteoporosis

32

primarily affects weight bearing joints

osteoarthritis

33

neck

cervic/o

34

ribs

cost/o

35

skull

crani/o

36

digit (finger or toe)

dactyl/o

37

fascia

fasci/o

38

femur

femor/o

39

fiber

fibr/o

40

humped

kyph/o

41

smooth muscle

lei/o

42

bent

lord/o

43

loin (lower back)

lumb/o

44

bone marrow or spinal cord

myel/o

45

muscle

my/o, myos/o, muscul/o

46

bone

oste/o

47

knee cap

patell/o

48

pelvis, hip

pelv/i, pelv/o

49

radius

radi/o

50

rod shaped, striated muscle

rhabd/o

51

flesh

sarc/o

52

twisted

scoli/o

53

tone, tension

ten/o

54

vertebra

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

55

sternum

stern/o

56

ulna

uln/o

57

tendon

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

58

growth, growing

-physis

59

growth, nutrition

-trophy

60

thorax, chest

thorac/o

61

body is erect, facing forward; arms to side, palms outward

anatomical position

62

imaginary surface formed by connecting two points on/in the body

planes of body

63

divides body vertically into anterior and posterior references

frontal plane

64

vertical plane that separates body into unequal left and right portions

sagittal

65

divides body vertically into equal left and right portions

mid sagittal

66

divides horizontally into upper and lower references

transverse

67

front

anterior

68

back

posterior

69

toward the head

superior

70

away from the head

inferior

71

near, closest to point of origin

proximal

72

far, away from point of origin

distal

73

toward the middle

medial

74

toward the side

lateral

75

through center of body, or part

axis