digestive Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > digestive > Flashcards

Flashcards in digestive Deck (49):
1

gastrointestinal system

alimentary canal

2

abdomen

Abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o

3

anus

An/o

4

appenidx

Appendic/o, append/o

5

what does bile do

breaks down fat

6

mouth

or/o, stomat/o

7

salivary glands

sial/o

8

cheeks

bucc/o

9

lips

cheil/o

10

palate

palat/o

11

uvula

uvul/o

12

tongue

gloss/o, lingu/o

13

taste buds

frenulum

14

gums

gingiv/o

15

teeth

dent/o, dent/i, odont/o

16

5 taste buds

sweet
umami
salty
sour
bitter

17

what does saliva do

aids in chewing and eating by gathering food into lumps so that food can slide out of the mouth and down the esophagus, and by dissolving foods so that they can more easily be tasted.

18

thin-walled, muscular channel lined with mucous membranes—connects the throat with the stomach

esophagus

19

small intestine

enter/o, intestin/o

20

duodenum

duoden/o

21

jejunum

jejun/o

22

ileum

ile/o

23

colon

Col/o, Colon/o

24

Vermiform Appendix

append/o, appendic/o

25

rectum

rect/o

26

anus

an/o

27

liver

hepat/o

28

gallbladder

cholecyst/o

29

pancreat/o

pancreas

30

band of smooth muscle at the junction between the pylorus of the stomach and the duodenum of the small intestine

pyloric sphincter

31

valve

sphincter

32

top of stomach right next to the heart

cardiac sphincter

33

bile, gall

Bil/i, chol/e

34

bile duct

Choledoch/o

35

hernia

Herni/o

36

stone

Lith/o

37

mouth

Or/o, stomat/o

38

eat, swallow

Phag/o

39

Proct/o, rect/o

rectum

40

pylorus, pyloric sphincter

Pylor/o

41

saliva

Sial/o

42

sigmond colon

Sigmoid/o

43

fat

Steat/o

44

vomiting

-emesis

45

liver disorders

hepatitis, cirrhosis

46

LOOK AT

REGIONS IN ABDOMINAL AREA

47

first part of the small intestine

duodenum

48

second part of the small intestine

jejunum

49

third part of small intestine

ileum