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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (19)
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1

analytical

organised/structured (top of pyramid)

2

transactional

not organized/unstructure (bottom of pyramid)

3

Data

facts
- no order
- cannot make decision from data, because cannot understand what it means
- bottom of pyramid

4

Information

first filter
answers: who,what,where, when
middle of pyramid

5

Knowledge

answers: how
organized information: useful

6

System

set of components that interact to accomplish goals

7

list of components

inputs
processing mechanisms
outputs
feedback

8

Input

collection of elements; what you put in

9

Processing

organizing or manipulating inputs to get outputs

10

Output

obtain knowledge

11

Feedback

-for improvements
-changing inputs or processing

12

Hardware

physical devices and materials

13

Software

programs and operating information

14

3 ways to become less dependent on hardware and energy consumption:

1. Grid computing
2. cloud computing
3. Virtualized computing

15

Grid computing

many computers, with different jobs

16

Cloud computing

use of resources and applications hosted on the internet

17

virtualized computing

multiple machines on a single computing device

18

primary processes

make products or give services

19

support processes

help support day-today operations