Chapter 1- Common Prefixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1- Common Prefixes Deck (43):
0

A-

Without, away from
Ex: aphasia (without speech)

1

An-

Without
Ex: anoxia (without oxygen)

2

Ante-

Before, in front of
Ex: antepartum (before birth)

3

Anti-

Against
Ex: antibiotic (against life)

4

Auto-

Self
Ex: autograft (a graft from ones own body)

5

Brady-

Slow
Ex: bradycardia (slow heartbeat)

6

Contra-

Against
Ex: contraception (against contraception)

7

De-

Without
Ex: depigmentation (without pigment)

8

Dys-

Painful, difficult, abnormal
Ex: dyspnea (difficulty breathing)

9

Endo-

Within, inner
Ex: endoscope (instrument to view within)

10

Epi-

Upon, over
Ex: epigastric (upon or over the stomach)

11

Eso-

Inward
Ex: esotropia (inward turning)

12

Eu-

Normal, good
Ex: eupnea (normal breathing)

13

Ex-

External, outward
Ex: exostosis (condition of external bone)

14

Exo-

Outward
Ex: exotropia (outward turning)

15

Extra-

Outside of
Ex: extracorporeal (outside of the body)

16

Hetero-

Different
Ex: heterograft (graft, like skin, from another species)

17

Homo-

Same
Ex: homograft (graft, like skin, from same species)

18

Hydro-

Water
Ex: hydrotherapy (water therapy)

19

Hyper-

Over, above
Ex: hypertrophy (overdevelopment)

20

Hypo-

Under, below
Ex: hypodermic (under the skin)

21

In-

Not;inward
Ex: infertility (not fertile); inhalation (to breathe in)

22

Inter-

Among, between
Ex: intervertebral (between the vertebrae)

23

Intra-

Within, inside
Ex: intravenous (inside, within a vein)

24

Macro-

Large
Ex: macrotia (having large ears)

25

Micro-

Small
Ex: microtia (having small ears)

26

Myo-

To shut
Ex: myopia (to shut eyes/squint)

27

Neo-

New
Ex: neonatology (study of the newborn)

28

Pan-

All
Ex: pansinusitis (inflammation of all the sinuses)

29

Para-

Beside, near; abnormal; two like parts of a pair
Ex: paranasal (beside the nose)

30

Per-

Through
Ex: percutaneous (through the skin)

31

Peri-

Around
Ex: pericardial (around the heart)

32

Post-

After
Ex: postpartum (after birth)

33

Pre-

Before, in front of
Ex: preoperative (before a surgical operation)

34

Pro-

Before
Ex: prolactin (before milk)

35

Pseudo-

False
Ex: pseudocyesis (false pregnancy)

36

Retro-

Backward, behind
Ex: retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)

37

Sub-

Below, under
Ex: subcutaneous (under, below the skin)

38

Supra-

Above
Ex: suprapubic (above the pubic bone)

39

Tachy-

Rapid, fast
Ex: tachycardia (fast heartbeat)

40

Trans-

Through, across
Ex: transurethral (across the urethra)

41

Ultra-

Beyond, excess
Ex: ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves)

42

Un-

Not
Ex: unconscious (not conscious)