Chapter 14- Mental Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14- Mental Health Deck (47):
0

Psych/o

Mind

1

-Iatrist

Physician

2

-iatry

Medical treatment

3

Anxiety

Feeling of dread in the absence of a clearly identifiable stress trigger

Anxi/o=fear, worry

4

Phobias

Irrational fear

Phob/o=irrational fear
-ia=state, condition

5

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Performing repetitive rituals to reduce anxiety

Obsess/o=besieged by thoughts
Compuls/o=drive! compel

6

Dementia

Progressive confusion and disorientation

De=without
Ment/o=mind
-ia= state, condition

7

Alzheimer's

Degenerative brain disorder with gradual loss of cognitive abilities

8

Amnesia

Loss of memory

Amnes/o=forgetfulness
-ia=state, condition

9

Anorexia

Refusal to eat

An=without
-orexia=appetite

10

Kleptomania

Stealing

Klept/o=to steal
-mania=frenzy

11

Pyromania

Setting fires

Pry/o=fire
-mania=frenzy

12

Schizophrenia

Mental disorders characterized by distortions of reality

Shiz/o=split
Phren/o=mind
-ia=state, condition

13

Insomnia

Inability to sleep

In=not
Somn/o=sleep
-ia=state, condition

14

Hypochondria

A preoccupation with health concerns. Named for the location of the liver and spleen, below the rib cartilage.

Hypo=below
Chondr/o=cartilage
-ia=state, condition

15

Psychopharmacology

Study of the effects of drugs on the mind and particularly the use of drugs in treating mental disorders.

Psych/o=mind
Pharmac/o=drug
-logy=study of

16

Antipsychotic drugs

Major tranquilizers include chlorpromazine
Have treated patients with psychoses and schizophrenia by reducing patient agitation and panic and shortening episodes
-side effects are involuntary muscle movements

Anti=against
Psych/o=mind
-tic=pertaining to

17

Psychoanalysis

Method of obtaining a detailed account of the past and present emotional and mental experiences from the patient to determine the source of the problem and eliminate the effects

Psych/o=mind

18

AD

Alzheimer's disease

19

ADD

Attention-deficit disorder

20

ADHD

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

21

BPD

Bipolar disorder

22

CA

Chronological age

23

DSM

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

24

ECT

Electroconvulsive therapy

25

MA

Mental age

26

MAO

Monoamine oxidase

27

MMPI

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory

28

OCD

Obsessive compulsive disorder

29

SAD

Seasonal affective disorder

30

Anter/o

Front

31

Fluor/o

Fluorescence, luminous

32

Later/o

Side

33

Nucle/o

Nucleus

34

Poster/o

Back

35

Radi/o

Ray (x-Ray)

36

Son/o

Sound

37

Tom/o

To cut

38

-graphy

Process of recording

39

-lucent

To shine through

40

-opaque

Nontransparent

41

-scopy

Process of visually examining

42

Ultra-

Beyond

43

anteroposterior

anter/o=front
poster/o=back
-ior=pertaining to

Pass through the body from the front to the back

44

posteroanterior view

poster/o=back
anter/o=front
-ior=pertaining to

Pass through the body from the back to the front

45

radiologist

radi/o=X-ray
-logist= one who studies

physician who uses images to diagnose abnormalities and radiant energy to treat various conditions such as cancer

46

radiolucent

radi/o=X-ray
-lucent=to shine through