Chapter 1- Determining Deviance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1- Determining Deviance Deck (31):
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Deviance

involves violating the norms that have been accepted in society. Problem with defining deviance. More subjective nowadays.
Statistical Rarity
Harm
Societal Reaction
Normative Violation

1

Deviance Specialists vs. Criminologists

deviance specialists study criminal and non criminal forms of deviance, where as criminologists only study the criminal forms

2

Objective views of deviance

claim that the presence of certain characteristics define deviance

3

Subjective views of deviance

claim that there is no shared observable characteristic that can clearly tell us who or what is deviant, and who or what is normal. Instead someone must tell us who is deviant.

4

Statistical Rarity

definition not often used in academic research, but used in everyday reality. Its hard to define statistical rarity-at what percentage point is something considered rare?

5

Harm

Second factor to the definition of deviance. includes physical harm, emotional harm, social harm (get in the way of the smooth runnings of society), and harm to the way people understand the world and their role in it.

6

Societal Reaction

If the responses of society's masses are primarily negative, rather than positive, then the person or act being responded to is deviant.

7

Normative Violation

proposed to be the defining characteristic of deviance

8

Absolutist view of norms

a particular behavior or characteristic was percieved as being inherently and universally deviant

9

Folkways

informal norms

10

Mores

foundation of morality in a culture, (prohibitions against incest of homosexuality) if violated, might be considered immoral

11

Consensual view of law

law is perceived as arising out of social consensus and is then equally applied to all, is the only one of the possible views of crime and law

12

Conflict view of law (social power perspective)

law as a tool used by the ruling class to serve its own interests, and believe that the law is more likely to be applied to members of the powerless classes in society

13

Interactionist view of law

society's powerful define the law at the behest of interest groups, who appeal to those with power n order to rectify a perceived social ill.

14

High consensus deviance and low consensus deviance

different levels of support in the broader society

15

Subjectivism

subjectivists say that we cannot recognize deviance when we see it; we have to be taught, through processes of socialization, that a person, behavior, or characteristic is deviant.

16

Social Constructionism

perspective proposing that social characteristics are creations or artifacts of a particular society at a specific time in history, just as objects are artifacts of that society; consequently a person behaviour or characteristic that is considered deviant in one society may be considered normal in another

17

Levels of social construction

from all encompassing to most specific
Sociocultural
Institutional
Interactional
Individual

18

radical constructionists

the world is characterized by endless relativism, there is no essential reality to the social world at all, that if everything and anything is simply looked at in a certain way that is the way it is

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types of social constructionism

radical, strict, soft or contextual

20

Deviance Dance

the interactions, negotiations, and debates among groups with different perceptions of whether a behavior or characteristic is deviant and needs to be socially controlled, and if so, how

21

Moral Entrepreneurs

those who manufacture public morality through
1) bringing the problem to public awareness
2) facillitating moral conversion

22

Groups commonly known to be moral euntrepreneurs

Politicians, Scientists, Religious Institutions, media (central battleground), commercial enterprise,

23

Social Typing

three component process that changes the way society treats people who are typed or categorized as deviant.
Description
Evaluation
Prescription

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Description (social typing)

a label is placed on an individual based on an observed or presumed behavior or characteristic

25

Evaluation (social typing)

where judgement is attached to the individual by virtue of the label that was previously attached or the category that individual was placed under the description component

27

prescription (social typing)

Where processes of social control or regulation emerge, the individual is treated a certain way because of the label and judgement.

28

Brain Mass

men have 4% higher brain mass than women on average

29

Suicide

Women attempt suicide 3x as often as men, but men kill themselves 3x as often as women

30

Women as the weaker sex?

Historically yes, heavy domestic jobs, malnutrition, gynecological issues

31

post partum depression

affects 1 in 7 women in the year after they give birth. different than post partum psychosis