Chapter 6- Looking Deviant Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Looking Deviant Deck (14):
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Body Projects

The way that each of us adapts, changes, or controls characteristics of our bodies, and whether those are voluntary or involuntary. Four categories

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Camouflaging Projects

Normative techniques of body manipulation, learned in socialization processes (makeup, clothing, hairstyle)

2

Extending body projects

attempts to overcome one's physical limitations (contact lenses)

3

Adapting body projects

parts of the body are removed or repaired for aesthetic or medical purposes

4

Redesigning body projects

reconstruct the body is lasting ways, (tattoos, plastic surgery)

5

Master Status

category immediately placed on some people based just on appearances

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Established Femininity

embodies the dominant cultural construction of what a female body should look like.

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Resistant Femininity

opposed dominant gender ideals, and thereby serves as a form of resistance to existing structures of power in society

8

BMI's

Underweight Below 18.4, healthy between 18.5 and 24.9, overweight between 25.0 and 29.9, and obese over 30.

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Anorexia nervosa

15% below normal body weight, missed 3 periods in a row, extreme fear of becoming fat, abnormal self perception of body

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Muscle dismorphia

more common in males, obssesion with muscle budding (called bigorexia)

12

Four causal theories for anorexia

Ego-psychological theories (emphasize impaired psychological functioning from mom-daughter relationship)
Family systems theory (anorexia is facillitated by over controlling rigid families)
Endocriniological (various hormonal defects)
Sociocultural (looking at social normas emphasizing thinness, media images, and social learning/modelling)

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Primary prevention of anorexia

efforts to prevent eating disorders from occuring in the first place, entails school and community programs that raise awareness of eating disorders and their associated dangers as well as the unrealistic body ideals portrayed in popular culture

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Secondary prevention of anorexia

indentifying young people who are in the very early stages of the disorder, entails informing parents, teachers, and coaches about the warning signs of eating disorders and effective means of intervention