Chapter 8- Religion and Deviance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8- Religion and Deviance Deck (24):
1

Beliefs

Anything you personally think is true

2

Belief systems

single beliefs are combined with other interrelated beliefs into organized sets, the ideologies of specific political parties, and the knowledge contained in particular disciplines of science, are all belief systems that are shared among large groups of people

3

Religion as Deviance

acts of deviance that occur within religious groups, or religious groups themselves being considered deviant in their entirety

4

Religion as a social typer of deviance

religious belief systems or the way those belief systems are applied dictate to us who should be considered deviant and what the consequences should/would be.

5

Ecclesias

refer to state religions, a specific religious belief system is adopted at a governmental level and becomes a nation's official religion

6

Churches

Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity

7

Denominations

Subdivisions of the churches (catholicism)

8

Sects

Smaller religious groups that have usually broken away from larger churches at some point in history.(amish and hutterites)

9

Cults

smaller than sects

10

Tension between sects and the rest of society

1) magnitiude of the differences between the sect and society
2) the level of antagonism that the sect feels for society
3) the extent to which the sect separates itself from the larger world

11

Deviancy Amplification

When a deviant group becomes even more deviant as a response to hostilities or social control efforts from outsiders, it is referred to as deviancy amplification

12

Anti Cult Movement

parents whose hippie children had joined small new religious groups that were part of the broader countercultural movement, concerned about the way their children had severed ties with their families and fearful that their children would be brainwashed and led into deviant behaviours parents coalesced into support groups

13

cult awareness groups

modern day anti cult movements

14

counter cult movement

noticeably older than the anti cult movement, this movement is overwehlmingly opposed to religious freedom in total. conservative christians.

15

sect filters

used in germany by the government to weed out scientologists when hiring or awarding contracts

16

First governmental barrier-Authoritarian measures to control religious beliefs

Like China, communism is only allowed, not religious beliefs

17

Second barrier to religious beliefs-Hostility towards non approved religious groups

Iraq under saddam hussien

18

third barrier-state of neglect of the problem of discrimination against non approved religions

India, laws may exist to prohibit discrimination, but they are not enforced

19

fourth barrier- discriminatory legislation or policies disadvantaging certain religions

israel and russia, after being atheist for 70 years, they had government choose what religions were cults and what werent

20

fifth barrier, stigmatization of certain religions by wrongfully associating them with dangerous cults or sects

germany france and belgium

21

New religious movements

word used by academics instead of cults in some cases

22

Joan of Arc

was one of the 40,000 to 100,000 convicted witches burned at the stake

23

Residential Schooling

aboriginal children removed from homes and families and taken to residential boarding schools wehere they would be given an education, not only in reading, writing, and arithmetic, but also in christianity and learning how to act "white"

24

Child savers movement

christian church movement, especially interested in childrens rights