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1

anatomy

science that deals with the structure of body parts

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physiology

Study of how living organisms perform their vital function

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how are anatomy and physiology related

anatomy provides clues about probable function in terms of anatomy be used her explain physiological mechanisms

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
maintain boundaries

internal environment remains distinct from external environment

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list and describe the major characteristics of life
movement

self initiated change in organisms position

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
responsiveness

ability to sense changes in the environment and then respond to them

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
digestion

process of breaking down ingested food into simple molecules that can be absorbed into blood

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
metabolism

all chemical reactions in the body

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
catabolism

Breaking down substances into their simpler building blocks

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list and describe the major characteristics of life
anabolism

synthesizing more complex cellular structures from simpler substances

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
Cellular respiration

using nutrients and oxygen to produce ATP

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listen describe the major characteristics of life
excretion

The process of removing waste from the body

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list and describe the major characteristics of life
reproduction

The creation of offspring by parent/parents

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List and describe the major characteristics of life
growth

increase in size of a body part or the organism

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water

The most abundant substance in the body

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nutrients

provide the body with necessary minerals

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nutrients list

water, minerals, vitamins, fats, proteins, carbs

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oxygen

used in the process of releasing energy from food substances

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heat

product of metabolic reactions

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pressure

Application of force to something

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homeostasis

tendency to maintain a stable internal environment regardless of outside world changes

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why is homeostasis important

condition of fluid surrounding body must be stable to survive

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list levels of organization

Atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ system, organism

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atoms

smallest stable unit of matter

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molecules

Atoms bound together

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macromolecules

molecules combined

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organelles

Basic component of microscopic cells, perform function

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cells

smallest unit of living things, perform functions

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tissue

Group of cells performing specific functions

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Organ

discrete structure that performs a specific function of the body, group of tissues

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organ system

organs that work closely together with one another to accomplish a common purpose

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organism

made up of organ systems

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abdominopelvic cavity
abdominal portion

stomach, liver, clean, gallbladder, small and large intestines

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abdominopelvic cavity
pelvic portion

end of large intestine, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs

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identify the membranes associated with The thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
THORACIC

parietal pleura, visceral pleura, pericardial membranes

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identify the membranes associated with The thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
ABDOMINOPELVIC

Peritoneal membrane

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parietal peritoneum

lines wall

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visceral peritonium

covers each organ

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integumentary system

protect underlying tissues and regulates temperature

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skeletal system

consist of bone, ligaments and cartilage

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ligaments

connects bone to bone, stabilizing

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cartilage

A cushioning tissue

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muscular system

provide forces that cause movement

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nervous system

Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs

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endocrine system

secretes hormones

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digestive system

converts food particles into simpler ones

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respiratory system

intake and output of air

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circulatory system

heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, and blood

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lymphatic system

lymphatic vessels, lymph fluid, nodes, spleen

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urinary system

kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

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reproductive system

production of new organisms