Chapter 1: Starting a Business Flashcards Preview

GCSE AQA Business Studies Unit 1 and Unit 2 > Chapter 1: Starting a Business > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: Starting a Business Deck (27):
1

Business

an activity that requires the organisation of resources to achieve a reward, whilst running a risk

2

Entrepreneur

an individual with an idea or business

3

Gap in the market

a business opportunity that is either a completely new idea or adds something different to an existing product or service.

4

Franchise

The legal right to use the name and logo of an existing firm and sell the same products.

5

Business Aim

A stated target for the future. For example, a new business may have the aim to survive its first year of trading.

6

Business Objective

A clearly defined target for a business to achieve over a cetain period of time.

7

Growth

An increase in turnover(sales), market share or profit.

8

Profit

What is left after costs have been deducted from revenue.

9

Profit Margin

Profit made as a proportion of sales revenue.

10

Sales

The amount sold or the value sold.

11

Market Share

The proportion of total market sales sold by one business.

12

Customer Satisfaction

How happy the customer is with the product or service.

13

Ethics

The moral questions on which decisions are made and the impact the business has on its internal and external environment.

14

Turnover

The value of sales made during the trading period, also called revenue.

15

Stakeholder

An individual or group with an interest in a business, such as employees, customers, managers, shareholders, suppliers, competitors and the local community.

16

Business Plan

A statement showing how a business sets out to achieve its aims and objectives.

17

Funding

The capital provided for the various stages of business growth by different sources of finance, either on a short- or long-term basis.

18

Forecast

A technique where the business attempts to estimate future sales, or other financial variables.

19

Risk

The potential for loss but rewards in business make it a calculated gamble.

20

Uncertainty

Not knowing the future, or what is going to happen.

21

Sole Trader

The most common form of business organisation, often just one person

22

Partnership

The simplest way two or more people can be in business together where partners are jointly and personally responsible for debts.

23

Unlimited liability

Unincorporated businesses, such as sole traders and partnerships, have unlimited liability, which means that the owners are responsible for all the business's debts.

24

Incorporation

The process of forming limited liability company such as a private limited company or PLC.

25

Limited Liability

Investors (shareholders) in a limited company can only lose their investment in the business if it fails; they cannot be forced to sell assests to pay off the firm's debts.

26

Technology

In relation to business location, this refers to the use of e-technology, such as the Internet and email, to create a virtual market between the business and the consumer.

27

Logistics

The process of buying, managing and delivering goods, from the point of manufacture to the end customer.