Flashcards in Chapter 1: Vehicle Incident Safety Deck (52)
A ____ response has many benefits and is an important step in organizing a vehicle incident.
The primary entities in a standard extrication response plan should understand their role and how they are expected to participate in emergency activities. These entities include:
* Extrication team
* Fire protection
* Law enforcement
* Relevant outside agencies.
A hazard and risk assessment survey will identify ____
potential hazards, assess the level of risk within the locale, and determine possible rescue situations that may occur.
The hazard and risk assessment survey should include:
* Traffic flow and patterns based on time of day
* Previously identified high-risk areas such as hairpin curves
* Locations with decreased visibility
* Alternate response routes and/or traffic diversion routes.
Comparison between the known hazards and potential benefits of any operation; used to determine the feasibility and parameters of the operation.
Environmental factors that may influence a vehicle incident can include the following:
* Time of day
Extended vehicle extrication operations during inclement weather pose a risk to rescuers and victims. Remain aware of potential ____ at an extrication scene.
heat and cold related emergencies
Every year approximately ____ firefighters die on roadways as a result of being struck by vehicles while working in or near moving traffic.
six to eight
Rescuers commonly encounter ____, ____, or ____ in or on vehicles during incidents.
adhesives, pressurized solvents, or flammable liquids
Assume that all power lines are ____ until ____ by utility service personnel.
* power has been shut off
When performing size up, identify downed power lines and note ___
signs of power outage near the incident, such as buildings without lighting or street lamps that are not working.
While waiting for utility service personnel to arrive at the scene, rescuers should ____ of downed power lines to protect themselves and others
cordon off the area
If large fuel spills are present, ____ to prevent runoff may be needed. Manage smaller spills with ____
* damming or diking
* an approved adsorbent, or absorbent material
Components important to incident safety include:
* Crew Resource Management
* Medical component
* Recognizing potential hazards
* Incident Safety Officer (ISO)
* Personnel accountability
Considerations for training rescuers to function safely during extrication operations:
* Train personnel to use the most appropriate rescue tools and techniques for the task at hand
* Teach personnel to function as a member of a rescue team to avoid freelancing.
* Make personnel aware of department SOP's and any other operational plans developed as part of the IAP.
Considerations for a team leader prior to making assignments to complete operations.
* Experience and/or competence
* Physical strength and stamina
* Emotional strength and stability
Every rescuer has the duty to report ____
safety concerns and to stop unsafe operations.
Rescuers may turn down assignments under the following conditions:
* The assignment is a violation of safe work practices
* The environmental conditions make the assignment unsafe
* The rescuer does not possess the necessary qualifications or experience to complete the assignment.
* The equipment necessary to complete the assignment is defective or inoperable.
It is best practice to have a ____ available for the rescuers in addition to any other units standing by to treat/ transport the victims.
The frequency with which crews will need to be rotated through rehab will vary with ____, ____, and ____.
* the conditions
* the type of PPE being worn
* the types of activities in which rescuers are engaged.
Hazards rescuers may encounter during extrication operations include:
* Vehicular traffic
* Downed electrical power lines
* Leaking vehicle fluids
* Leaking flammable gas lines
* Unstable terrain
* Release of hazardous materials
To safely and successfully stabilize an incident, rescuers should be able to:
* Assess the situation (size up)
* Make informed decisions about how to stabilize the situation
* Have the ability to devise and implement a plan of action that protects the rescuers and victims from further injury
One of the best ways of learning the capabilities and limitations of available resources it through ____
realistic joint training exercises held on a regular basis.
Controlling a crash scene is critical to the safety of ____, ____, and ____.
rescuers, trapped victims, and bystanders.
Rescuers should combine their knowledge of ____ with ____ to understand how and why occupants are entrapped in their vehicles.
* vehicle construction
* the dynamics of vehicle crashes
Matching the packaging and handling techniques to the ____ minimizes trauma and maximizes ____.
* the victims potential injuries
* their chance for survival
To stabilize and access crashed vehicles rescuers should be well trained in the following.
* Knowing procedures for accessing victims trapped in a vehicle and freeing them successfully
* Using a variety of tools and equipment to manipulate and/or remove major vehicle components.
* Selection and using the most appropriate tools and equipment to perform these operations
* Using tools and equipment safely
From the standpoint of survival, ____ can be one of the most critical steps in the entire extrication operation.
To restore the extrication scene to a safe and environmentally stable condition Rescuers should:
* Remove wrecked vehicles from the scene
* Mitigate any hazards before the scene is abondoned
* Isolate any hazards before that cannot be immediately mitigated in order to prevent the public from inadvertently entering a hazardous area