Flashcards in Chapter 1 Vocab Deck (20):
What is government ?
The institutions and processes threw which public policies are made for society
What is public goods ?
Goods such as clean air and clean water that everyone must share
What is Political participation ?
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue
What is single issues groups ?
Groups that have a narrow interest tend to dislike compromise and often draw a member ship from people new to politics
What is policy making system ?
The process which policy comes in to being and evolves over time
What is linkage institution ?
The political channels threw which peoples concerns become political issues in the policy agenda
What is policy agenda ?
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually evolve in politics at any given point and time
What is political Issues ?
An issues that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it
What is policy making institution ?
The branches of government charge with taking action on political issues
What is public policy ?
A choice that government makes in response to a political issue
What is democracy ?
A system of selected policy makers and of organizing government so that policy represents and response to the publics reference
What is majority rule ?
A fundamental principle of traditional of democratic theory
What is minority rights ?
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees prides to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities threw persuasion and reasoned argument
What is representation ?
A basic principle of traditional of democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers
What is pluralist theory ?
A theory of government and politics emphasizing the politics is mainly a competition among groups each one pressing for its all preferred policies
What is elite and class theory ?
A theory of government and politics contending the society are divided along class lines and that and upper class elite will rule regardless a formal niceties of governmental organization
What is hyper-pluralism ?
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weekend
What is policy gridlock ?
A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy
What is gross domestic product ?
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation