Flashcards in Chapter 3 vocab Deck (20):
What is federalism ?
A way of organizing a nations so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people.
What is unitary government ?
A way of organizing a nations so that all power resides in the central government. Most national governments today are unitary governments
What is intergovernmental relations ?
Th working of the federal system- the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local government
What is supremacy clause ?
Article VI of the constitution which makes the constitution national laws and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits
What is the tenth amendment ?
The constitutional stating that "The powers not delegated to the unites states by the constitution nor prohibited by it to the states are reserved to the states respectively or to the people
What is McCulloch v. Maryland
An 1819 supreme court decision that established the supremacy of the national government.
What is enumerated powers ?
Powers of the federal government that are specifically addressed in the constitution; for congress these powers are listed in articles 1 Section 8 and includes the power to con money regulate its value and impose taxes
What is implied powers ?
powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the constitution
What is elastic clause ?
The final paragraph of articles 1 section 8 of the constitution which authorizes congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the enumerated powers
What is Gibbons v. Ogden
A land mark case decided in 1824 in which the supreme court interpreted very broadly the clause in Article 1, section 8 of the constitution giving congress the power to regulate interstate commerce encompassing virtually every from of commercial activity
What if full faith and credit ?
A clause in Article 1V, Section 1 of the constitution requiring each state to recognize the official documents and civil judgments rendered by the courts of other states
What is extradition ?
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
What is privileges and immunities ?
A clause in article 1V section 2 of the constitution according of the privileges of the citizens of the other states
What is dual federalism ?
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres each responsible for some policies
What is cooperative federalism ?
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government. They may also share cost administration and even blame for programs that work poorly.
What are Fiscal Federalism ?
The pattern of spending taxing and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national governments relations with states and local governments
What are categorical grants ?
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or "categories of state and local spending . They come with string attached, such as non discrimination provisions compare block grants
What is project grants ?
Federal categorical grants given for specific purpose and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications
What is formula grants
Federal categorical grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations