Flashcards in Chapter 1 - What is Human Sexuality? Deck (44):
The behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically involved with one sex.
Complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave within a given culture.
The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings.
The qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
Worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power.
An image of the penis.
The prohibition against intercourse and reproduction among close blood relatives.
Sexually responsive to either gender.
Sexual love of boys.
A prostitute - especially the mistress of a noble or wealthy man.
A secondary wife, usually of inferior legal and social status.
Sexual relations between a person and an animal.
The practice of achieving sexual gratification through hurting or humiliating others.
A sexual activity involving oral contact with the penis.
A sexual activity involving oral contact with the female genitals.
Sexual intercourse between people who are not married to one another.
The development of a species to its present state, which is believed to involve adaptions to its environment.
The evolutionary process by which adaptive traits enable members of a species to survive to reproductive age and transmit these traits to future generations.
A random change in the molecular structure of DNA.
The basic unit of heredity, which consists of chromosomal segments of DNA.
The rodlike structures that reside in the nuclei of every living cell and carry the genetic code in the form of genes.
Deoxyribonucleic acid - the chemical substance whose molecules make up genes and chromosomes.
The theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that human behavior represents the outcome of clashing inner forces.
In psychoanalytic theory, automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising of ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges.
The automatic ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from consciousness.
Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that responsive to sexual stimulation.
In psychoanalytic theory, the process by which sexual feelings shift from one erogenous zone to another.
In psychoanalytic theory, a conflict of the phallic stage in which a boy wishes to possess his mother sexually and perceives his father as a rival in love.
Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behavior must refer only to observable and measurable behaviors.
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning, values, and expectations play key roles in determining behavior.
A theory that challenges acceptance of the male as the norm, traditional gender roles, and male oppression of females.
A theory that challenges hetreronormativity and heterosexism.
Hatred of homosexuals.
Principles of Critical Thinking
1. Be skeptical
2. Examine definitions of terms
3. Examine the assumption or premises of arguments.
4. Be cautious in drawing conclusions from evidence.
5. Consider alternative interpretations of research evidence.
6. Consider the kinds of evidence on which conclusions are based.
7. Do not oversimplify.
8. Do not overgeneralize.
Stone Age art suggests that people worshiped ______.
Women's ability to bear children.
The ancient ______ were first to produce a sex manual.
According to the text, _________ challenged the prevailing British view by arguing that sexual desires in women were natural and healthy.
A controversal Freudian belief is that _________.
Children normally harbor erotic interests.
Masters and Johnson are best known for using _______ in their research on human sexual response.
The laboratory-observation method.
Queer theories oppose _______.
According to _______ theory, children acquire the gender roles deemed appropriate in a society through reinforcement and observational learning.
Psychopathia Sexualis was written by _______.
Richard von Krafft-Ebing.