Midterm Study Guide Flashcards Preview

Human Sexuality > Midterm Study Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Study Guide Deck (55):
1

Human Sexuality

The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings.

2

What is the difference between sex and gender?

Sex refers to out anatomic sex, male or female. Gender refers to social and cultural categories.

3

Values:

The qualities in life that are deemed important, or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.

4

The Seven Value Systems

1) Legalism 2) Situational Ethics 3) Ethical Relativism 4) Hedonism 5) Ascenticism 6) Utilitarianism 7) Rationalism

5

Legalism

Ethical behavior based on moral laws from an external source, such as religion.

6

Situational Ethics

Ethical decisions should be guided by love for others rather than rigid moral rules.

7

Ethical Relativism

Assumes that diverse values are basic to human existence. Accepting that different people have different views.

8

Hedonism

They are guided by the pursuit of pleasure, not by whether a particular behavior is morally or situationally justified.

9

Ascenticism

Self-denial of material and sexual desires (ex. Nuns and priests).

10

Utilitarianism

The view that moral conduct is based on that which will bring "the greatest good to the greatest number of people."

11

Rationalism

The use of reason to determine a course of action.

12

Why are surveys done in magazines a problem in regards to research?

A small sample of magazine researchers cannot represent the country, or even all readers of the magazine.

13

Phallic worship signifies the penis as a symbol of _________.

generative power

14

How were women viewed during the Victorian Period?

Many women viewed sex as a marital duty to be performed for procreation or to satisfy their husband's cravings. They were assumed not to experience sexual desires or pleasures.

15

What kind of research did Masters and Johnson do? What were it's flaws?

They observed people engaging in sexual activity in the laboratory. They destroyed the moral fabric of the nation.

16

What kind of research did Kinsley do? What were it's flaws?

He conducted large-scale studies of sexual behaviors. His research had methodical flaws. Most of his work was deemed as immoral and obscene.

17

Human chromosomes contain _____ individual chromosomes and _____ pairs of chromosomes.

46, 23

18

Feminist Theory

Focuses on equality, breaking down stereotypes, and oppression towards either sex. It challenges traditional roles.

19

Four Steps in the Scientific Method

1) Formulate a research question 2) Frame the question in to a hypothesis 3) Test the hypothesis 4) Draw conclusions

20

Random Sample

A sample in which every member of a population has an equal chance of participating.

21

What would an advantage be of using interviews instead of questionnaires?

They give the interviewer the opportunity to follow up on answers that lead toward useful information. A skilled interviewer may be able to establish a sense of trust that encourages self-disclosure.

22

Label the Female Genitalia

Q image thumb

1) Mons Veneris

2) Prepuce of Clitoris

3) Clitoral Glans

4) Labia Majora

5) Uteral Opening

6) Labia Minora

7) Vaginal Opening

8) Perineum

9) Anus

23

Analogous

Similar structure and function.

24

Homologous

Similar in structure.

25

HPV - Human Papilloma Virus

A virus that affects the cervix. Although it is one of the leading causes of cervical cancer, it is not the sole cause. 

26

We are catching more cases of breast cancer because of ___________. 

mammograms

27

Label the Male Genitalia.

Q image thumb

1) Urethral Opening

2) Glans

3) Corona

4) Membranous Urethra

5) Prostatic Urethra

6) Crura

7) Corpus Cavernosum

8) Corpus Spongiosum

9) Penile Urethra

28

Vas Deferens

A conduit for mature sperm. Located within the scrotum within the spermatic cord. Homologous to the fallopian tubes. 

29

What are the two sets of muscles that protect the males testicles when jumping into a cold pool. 

1) Cremaster Muscle

2) Dartos Musce

30

Menopause

Cessation of menstruation. 

31

What is andropause, and is it real?

A falloff in androgens (the male sex hormones). It can be compared to menopause. According to Rathus it is real. 

32

True or Fale: The withdrawl method works.

False.

33

What is the difference between primary erogenous zones and secondary enogenous zones?

Primary erogenous zones are erotically sensitive beacuse they are richly endowed with netve endings. 

Secondary erogenous zones are parts of the body that become erotically sensitized through experience.

34

Facts about alcohol:

1) Small amounts are stimulating to sexual response; large amounts curb sexual response. 

2) Stimulation is caused by a person's expectations of what alcohol will do, not it's chemical properties.

3) A few drinks can reduce sexual potency rather than resore it. 

4) It causes people to do things that they wouldn't do when sober. 

5) Binge drinking is connected with high-risk sexual behavior. 

6) Alcohol causes people to be unaware of consequences. 

35

The Four Phases of the Sexual Response Cycle by Masters & Johnson:

1) Excitement Phase

2) Plateau Phase

3) Orgasmic Phase

4) Resolution Phase

36

When does an embryo start to show the undifferentiated genitalia?

5-6 weeks

37

Physical characteristics of a person with Klinefelter's syndrome: 

1) Only present in males.

2) Fail to develop appropriate secondary sex characteristics.

3) Enlarged breasts.

4) Poor muscular develipment.

5) They fail to produce sperm.

6) May be mildly retarded. 

38

Physical characteristics of a person with Turner's syndrome:

1) Only affects females. 

1) At risk for heart disease, short arms and legs, kidney problems, hypothyroidism, and diabetes.

2) problems in spatial relationships and math.

3) Females may not undergo pubery naturally. 

4) Infertility.

39

Children are aware of their anatomical sex by the age of _____ months. 

18

40

Children are aware of their gender identity by the age of _____ months. 

36

41

Stereotype

A fixed, conventional idea about a group of people. 

42

Sexism

The prejudgement that, because of her or his sex, a person will possess negative traits. 

43

Androgyny

A person that has both masculine and feminine gender-role stereotypes. 

44

What are some things that people perceive as physical attractiveness but have nothing to do with the physique?

Familiarity, liking, respect and sharing of values. Smiling and a person's name are also factors. 

45

How do men and women select their mates?

Men pick women based on their childbearing abilities, where as women will pick a man based on his ability to provide for her. 

46

Reciprocity

Mutual exchange.

47

Three Components of Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love. What is it called when all three are present?

1) Intimacy

2) Commitment

3) Passion

When all three are present it is called consumate love. 

48

What are the ABCDE's of the Model of Romantic Relationships?

A - Attraction

B - Building    

C - Continuation

D - Deterioration

E - Ending

49

Intimacy

The experience of warmth toward another person that arises from feelings of closeness and connectedness to the other. It involves the desire to give and receive emotional support and to share one's innermost thoughts with the others. 

50

In a commited relationship where does the balance exist?

It exists between mutuality and individuality. 

51

What kind of feelings does jealousy create?

Posessiveness, a loss of affection, feelings of insecurity and rejection, anxiety and loss of self-esteem, and feelings of mistrust of one's partner and potential rivals.

52

According to social exchange theory relationships draw to a close when _____.

the costs outweigh the rewards. 

53

What are the myths about masturbation?

The myth is that masturbation leads to impotence, lead to male-to-male sexual activity, cause hair to grow on your hands, cancer or any other problems like that.

Scientifically it isn’t harmful. It is against many people’s value systems.  

54

Which statement is true regarding sexual foreplay?

Women report wanting longer foreplay than men. 

55

The answer to #50 is

B