Chapter 10 - Sexual Orientation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Sexual Orientation Deck (26):
1

Sexual Orientation

The directionality of one's sexual interests- toward members of the same gender, the other gender, or both.

2

Heterosexual Orientation

Erotic attraction to, preference for, and developing romantic relationships with members of the other gender.

3

Homosexual Orientation

Erotic attraction to, preference for, and developing romantic relationships with members of the same gender.

4

Gay Males

Makes who are erotically attracted to and desire to form romantic relationships with other males.

5

Heteroerotic

Of an erotic nature and involving members of the other gender.

6

Homoerotic

Of an erotic nature and involving members of one's own gender.

7

Homophobia

A cluster of negative attitudes and feelings toward gay people, including intolerance, hatred, and fear.

8

Biphobia

Negative attitudes and feelings toward bisexual people, including the intolerance, hatred, and fear.

9

Monozygotic (MZ) Twins

Twins who develop from the same fertilized ovum; identical twins.

10

Dizygotic (DZ) Twins

Twins who develop from different fertilized ovum; fraternal twins.

11

Concordance

Agreement.

12

Activating Effects

Those effects of sex hormones that influence the level of the sex drive but not sexual orientation.

13

Castration Anxiety

In psychoanalytic theory, a man's fear that his genitals will be removed. Castration anxiety is an element of the Oedipus complex and is implicated in the directionality of erotic interests.

14

Butch

A lesbian who assumes a traditional masculine role.

15

Femme

A lesbian who assumes a traditional feminine role.

16

Gay Bashing

Violence again homosexuals.

17

In ancient _______, men often had sexual relationships with adolescent males.
(a) Egypt
(b) Greece
(c) Rime
(d) Macedonia

(b) Greece

18

_______ are most likely to share a homosexual orientation.
(a) Monozygotic twins
(b) Dizygotic twins
(c) Parents and their biological children
(d) Adoptive parents and their adopted children

(a) Monozygotic twins

19

Psychoanalytic theory ties male homosexuality to faulty resolution of the ________ complex.
(a) inferiority
(b) Electra
(c) whore-Madonna
(d) Oedipus

(d) Oedipus

20

The hypothalamus of gay males responds similarly to that of _______ when gay males are presented with the odor of testosterone derivative.
(a) heterosexual men
(b) heterosexual women
(c) lesbians
(d) bisexuals

(b) heterosexual women

21

Homosexuals differ from transgendered people in that homosexuals
(a) are satisfied with their anatomic sex.
(b) are dissatisfied with their anatomic sex.
(c) are confused about their gender identify.
(d) seek therapy to change their sexual orientation.

(a) are satisfied with their anatomic sex.

22

Ivanka Savic and her colleagues suggest that sexual differentiation and sexual identity may reflect the timing of prenatal surges of
(a) dopamine.
(b) serotonin.
(c) estrogen.
(d) testosterone.

(d) testosterone.

23

According to Savin-Willams and Diamond, the first step in the development of sexual identity in homosexuals is
(a) sex with members of the same gender.
(b) attraction to members of same gender.
(c) acceptance of one's sexual orientation.
(d) self-labeling as gay or lesbian.

(b) attraction to members of same gender.

24

_______ tried to develop methods to "reverse" a homosexual orientation.
(a) Masters and Johnson
(b) Laumann
(c) Freud
(d) Kinsey

(a) Masters and Johnson

25

In contrast to Kinsey and his colleagues, Vrangalova and Savin-Williams (2012) see sexual attraction to people of one's own gender or the other as
(a) one-dimensional.
(b) two-dimensional.
(c) three-dimensional.
(d) four-dimensional.

(b) two-dimensional.

26

The behavior of adolescent Sambian males provides evidence that
(a) some cultures are superior to others.
(b) sexual orientation is genetic.
(c) homosexuality is normal.
(d) culture influences sexual practices.

(d) culture influences sexual practices.