Chapter 12 - Contraception and Abortion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Contraception and Abortion Deck (28):
1

Coitus Interruptus

A method of contraception in which the penis is withdrawn from the vagina prior to ejaculation. Also known as the withdrawal method.

2

Condom

A sheath made of animal membrane latex that covers the penis and serves as a barrier to sperm.

3

Oral Contraceptive

A contraceptive consisting of sex hormones and taken by mouth.

4

Combination Pill

A birth-control pill that contains estrogen and progesterone.

5

Mini-Pill

A birth-control pill that contains progesterone only.

6

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

An object inserted into the uterus and left in place to prevent conception.

7

Diaphragm

A rubber cup or dome, fitted to the contour of a woman's vagina, coated with a spermicide and inserted prior to coitus to prevent conception.

8

Prophylactic

An agent that protects against disease.

9

Calendar Method

A fertility awareness (rhythm) method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking menstrual cycles, typically for a 10- to 12-month period, and assuming that ovulation occurs 14 days prior to menstruation.

10

Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Method

A fertility awareness method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking the woman's temperature over the menstrual cycle.

11

Ovulation Method

A fertility awareness method on contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking the viscosity of the cervical mucus.

12

Viscosity

Stickiness consistency.

13

Peak Days

The days during the menstrual cycle during which a women is most likely to be fertile.

14

Sterilization

Surgical procedures that render people incapable of reproduction without affecting sexual activity.

15

Vasectomy

The surgical method of male sterilization in which sperm are prevented from reaching the urethra by cutting watch vas deferens and tying it back or cauterizing it.

16

Vasovasectomy

The surgical reversal of vasectomy in which the cut or cauterized ends of the vas deferens are sewn together.

17

Tubal Sterilization

The method of female sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are surgically blocked. Also called tubal ligation.

18

Mini-Laparotomy

A kind of tubal sterilization in which an incision is made in the abdomen to access the fallopian tubes.

19

Laparoscopy

Tubal sterilization by leans of a laparoscope, which is inserted through a small incision just below the navel and used to cauterize, cut, or clamp the fallopian tubes.

20

Culpotomy

A kind of tubal sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are approached through an incision in the back wall of the vagina.

21

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus.

22

Douche

To rinse or wash the vaginal canal by inserting a liquid and allowing it to drain out.

23

Induced Abortion

The purposeful termination of a pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of sustaining independent life.

24

Vacuum Aspiration

Removal of the uterine contents by suction; an abortion method used early in pregnancy.

25

D&C

Abbreviation for dilation and curettage, an operation in which the cervix is dilated and uterine contents are then gently scraped away.

26

D&E

Abbreviation for dilation and evacuation, an abortion method in which the cervix is dilated prior to vacuum aspiration.

27

Intra-Amniotic Infusion

An abortion method in which a substance is injected into the amniotic sac to induce premature labor. Also called instillation.

28

Hysterotomy

Abortion of the fetus by cesarean section.