Chapter 10 & 11 Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Chapter 10 & 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 & 11 Deck (40)
Loading flashcards...
1

As a male, Dylan can expect to reach his growth spurt peak at ages ____, whereas his sister, Selma, can expect to reach her growth spurt peak at about ages ____.

A.Thirteen to sixteen; eleven to fourteen
B. Eleven to fourteen; thirteen to sixteen
C. Twelve to sixteen; ten to fourteen
D. Nine to twelve; nine to thirteen

C. Twelve to sixteen; ten to fourteen

2

During the adolescent growth spurt, males’ total percentage of body fat ____ and females’ total percentage of body fat ____.

A. Decreases; decreases
B. Decreases; increases
C. Increases; decreases
D. Increases;increases

B. Decreases; increases

3

Daisy is experiencing her first menstrual period. Consequently, she is likely to

A. Be first able to conceive a child
B. Develop breast 'buds'
C. Experience a change in her voice toward a high pitch
D. Grow her first pubic and auxiliary hair

A. Be first able to conceive a child

4

One difference between testosterone and oestrogen is that

A. Oestrogen affects the strength of sex drive in females; testosterone in males
B. Only testosterone stimulates the subcutaneous fat deposits in both sexes
C. Only testosterone stimulates muscle and bone growth in both sexes
D. Testosterone is only present in males and oestrogen is only present in females

C. Only testosterone stimulates muscle and bone growth in both sexes

5

Dennis is an early-maturing male. According to the current research on the psychological impact of the timing of puberty, how will he fare compared to his male peers?

A. He will exhibit more academic success
B. he will be more impulsive
C. He will be more rigid
D. He will have higher self-esteem

B. he will be more impulsive

6

Teenagers engage in behaviours that pose serious risks to their health, NOT including:

A. Substance abuse
B. Risky sexual behaviour
C. Safely operating a motor vehicle
D. Poor diet

C. Safely operating a motor vehicle

7

Which represents the rate of sexually transmitted infections found in sexually active adolescent populations?

A. 1 in 4
B. 1 in 3
C. 1 in 2
D. 1 in 5

A. 1 in 4

8

Most commonly used substances in adolescence (in order of use) are

A. cannabis, tobacco, alcohol
B. Alcohol, tobacco, cannabis
C. Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis
D. Tobacco, cannabis, alcohol

B. Alcohol, tobacco, cannabis

9

Lucy is an anorexic. Accordingly, she probably displays which of the following behavioural characteristics?


A. High levels of self-efficacy
B. Perfectionism
C. Sexual seductiveness
D. Sociability

B. Perfectionism

10

Compared to a concrete operational child, a formal operational thinker tends to

A. Approach problems haphazardly
B. Hold and combine several ideas in their mind at once
C. Latch onto a single solution or reason
D. Rely on memory of past experiences when solving problems

B. Hold and combine several ideas in their mind at once

11

Cassandra has reached Kohlberg’s highest stage of moral development; she now bases her decisions on

A. Society's rule and regulations
B. Individual human rights
C. The universal principles in which she believes
D. Ethics of market exchange

C. The universal principles in which she believes

12

After escorting Mark and Lead to the hospital, where Lead gave birth to a boy, Officer Davis gave Mark a ticket for not coming to a complete stop at a stop sign prior to the time she escorted them. Officer Davis is functioning at Kohlberg’s

A. Stage 1
B. Stage 3
C. Stage 4
D. Stage 5

C. Stage 4

13

Nellie is protesting against the recent discussion of enacting the death penalty in her home state. She feels that it is immoral for the government to decide who should live and who should die. Nellie is functioning at Kohlberg’s ____ level.

A. concrete
B. Conventional
C. Postconventional
D. Preconventional

C. Postconventional

14

Four girls volunteer to deliver meals to homebound elderly people. According to their motives, which one of the girls is at Carol Gilligan’s Stage 3 of moral development?

A. The one doing it for school credit
B. The one doing it because of hearing a handsome speaker talk about it
C. The one doing it to make her parents proud
D. The one doing it to feel good and help others

D. The one doing it to feel good and help others

15

Jeremy’s parents complain that he often reads while listening to loud music. Jeremy is engaging in which of the following?

A. Sustained attention
B. Divided attention
C. Subversive attention
D. Selective attention

B. Divided attention

16

Nicole’s reflective character aids her in social studies lessons focusing on indigenous populations. Which element of critical thinking is Nicole exhibiting?

A. Basic operations of reasoning
B. Domain-specific knowledge
C. Metacognitive knowledge
D. Values, beliefs and dispositions

D. Values, beliefs and dispositions

17

Because Xavier is an expert chess player, compared to a novice player, he probably

A. Has more developed cognitive structure overall
B. Is better at math
C. is a more creative player
D. Remembers many more strategies

D. Remembers many more strategies

18

Fifteen-year-old Jack is beginning to use more scientific reasoning. His thinking best reflects what characteristic of formal operational thought?

A. Hypothetico-inductive reasoning
B. Hypothetico-deductive reasoning
C. Propositional reasoning
D. Scaffolding

B. Hypothetico-deductive reasoning

19

Ms. Benjamin wants her students to stage a mock parliamentary debate. First, she assigns students, by pairs, to research a particular political issue. Which element of critical thinking does the research involve?

A. Basic operations of reasoning
B. Domain-specific knowledge
C. Metacognitive knowledge
D. Values, beliefs and dispositions

B. Domain-specific knowledge

20

John is able to think about events that have not occurred. In which stage of cognitive development is he?

A. Formal operations
B. Sensorimotor operations
C. Postformal operations
D. Concrete operations

A. Formal operations

21

According to Erikson, the period of developmental suspension between the security and certainties of childhood and the unknown of the adult world is called

A. Egocentrism
B. Psychological moratorium
C. Identification
D. Formal operations

B. Psychological moratorium

22

Bruce has changed his major three times in the last year and is thinking about changing it again. He's feeling anxious about his lack of direction but doesn't seem to really know what he wants to do just yet. Bruce's identity status is

A. Foreclosure
B. Moratorium
C. Negative identity
D. Identity diffusion

B. Moratorium

(Identity with crisis but without commitment)

23

Kathy was torn between getting a job at a newspaper and going to college to study English literature. After weighing all the options, she finally has a sense of direction and decides to go to college. Kathy's identity status is most likely

A. Foreclosure
B. Moratorium
C. Identity achieved
D. Identity diffusion

C. Identity achieved

(both crisis and commitment)

24

Jack, who thinks of himself as a real ‘softie’, pretends that he’s tough and unfeeling whenever he’s with the guys from the rugby team. With his other friends, Jack pretends that he’s politically conservative even though, in reality, he thinks of himself as a liberal. Because Jack engages in these false-self behaviours as a way to experiment with different roles, it’s likely that he

A. Is not happy with his true self
B. Is psychologically healthy
C. Is unable to distinguish between his false selves and his true self
D. Has high levels of positive support from his parents

B. Is psychologically healthy

25

Identity diffusion represents a(n)

A. Failure to achieve a stable identity
B. Identity that is based on parental goals
C. Identity that is based on a false self
D. Temporary postponement of adult commitments

A. Failure to achieve a stable identity

26

Steven, who has worked at the post office in a dead-end job, would rather sit around all day and play the guitar (for which his talent is limited). Nothing else seems to interest him. Erikson would say that Steve personifies the form of identity diffusion called

A. Diffusion of time perspective
B. Diffusion of industry
C. Diffusion of responsibility
D. Avoidance of closeness

B. Diffusion of industry

27

Michael refuses to attend school because he is experiencing a particularly bad case of acne breakout and insists that everyone will be looking at his face. Michael is concerned with the

A. Personal fable
B. False self
C. Reputational crowds
D. Imaginary audience

D. Imaginary audience

28

At their high school graduation, four girls were discussing their future plans. Which one of them appears to be in moratorium as far as identity is concerned?

A. The one looking forward to her job at a real estate firm
B. The one becoming a hairstylist
C. The one becoming a wife and mother
D. The one going to university without a clear career choice

D. The one going to university without a clear career choice

29

Ever since he was five years old, his father had been telling Eddie that some day he would come to work with him in his furniture store. But when he finished high school, Eddie told his father that he decided to go to culinary school and become a chef instead. Eddie’s identity status is

A. Foreclosure
B. Identity-achieved
C. Identity-diffused
D. Moratorium

B. Identity-achieved

30

As a typical teenager, Vanessa is more likely to go to her parents than to her peers for advice on

A. what dress to wear to the formal
B. Which boys to date
C. What music to buy
D. Which foreign language to study in high school

D. Which foreign language to study in high school