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Flashcards in Chapter 4 & 5 Deck (40)
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1

There are four new babies in the neonatal unit of the hospital. Which was most likely born less than nine months after conception?

A. Margot, whose skin looks rather red
B. Penelope, whose skin is covered with vernix
C. Vincent, whose head is elongated and pointy
D. Warren, who is covered with amniotic fluid and blood

B. Penelope, whose skin is covered with vernix

2

Kelly scored a 3 on the Apgar scale. Accordingly, it’s most probable that

A. Her heart rate is too fast
B. Her skin is redder than that of most babies
C. She has a very strong startle reaction
D. She needs assistance to breath

D. She needs assistance to breath

3

At one minute after birth, Janet scored an 8 on the Apgar scale. Accordingly the doctor in charge pronounced her to be

A. Healthy enough for the time being
B. In need of intensive care immediately
C. In need of immediate attention from a paediatrician
D. In need of observation for the next few hours

A. Healthy enough for the time being

4

During the first year of life, the typical baby’s brain development is characterised by a(n)

A. Increase in the number of connection between neurons
B. Large increase in the number of neurons
C. Shift in functioning from the cerebral cortex to the midbrain and cerebellum
D. Thinning out of the myelin sheathing of the neurons

A. Increase in the number of connection between neurons

5

Natalie, who is ten years old, sleeps eight hours a day and spends one-fourth of that time in REM sleep. How will her new baby sister’s sleeping habits compare with hers?

A. the newborn will sleep less and spend less time in REM sleep
B. The newborn will sleep less and spend more time in REM sleep
C. The newborn will sleep more and spend more time in REM sleep
D. The newborn will sleep more and spend less time in REM sleep

C. The newborn will sleep more and spend more time in REM sleep

6

Bryce and Darlene, who have experienced a number of restless nights with their newborn, would like to know when they could expect their son to adopt a somewhat regular sleep schedule. Given that Bryce and Darlene maintain a fairly consistent routine, they might expect this to occur

A. WIthin the first week
B. At about six weeks
C. At about three months
D. At about six months

B. At about six weeks

7

Which of the following is true about the newborn’s visual activity?

A. Her peripheral vision is fully developed
B. Her vision for near objects is better than for far away objects
C. Her vision is around 20/30
D. Her vision is better when an object is stationary rather than moving

B. Her vision for near objects is better than for far away objects

8

The Moro reflex is likely to be exhibited by a one-month-old if

A. A bottle is placed near his mouth
B. The bottom of his foot is stroked
C. Someone touches his cheek
D. A door is slammed

D. A door is slammed

9

Which of the following toddlers is employing a gross motor skill?

A. One who is picking at a rug methodically
B. One creeping down the stair backwards on all fours
C. One looking at a pop up book and laughing
D. One licking melting ice cream from the sides of an ice cream cone

B. One creeping down the stair backwards on all fours

10

Of the following, which provides the best example of the proximodistal principle?

A. Seeing near objects better than seeing far objects
B. Being able to stack blocks but have difficulty climbing stairs
C. Understanding speech even though they cannot speak it yet
D. Using fingers to wave rather than the whole arm

D. Using fingers to wave rather than the whole arm

11

Which of the following is true concerning early infant sex differences?

A. Males are generally more active than females
B. Males generally walk before females
C. Females generally sit upright before males
B. Females generally stand upright before males

A. Males are generally more active than females

12

When his mother first took two-month-old Jeffrey to visit his aunt’s apartment, he spent a lot of time staring at his aunt’s colourful dress. As time passed, he looked less at the dress and more at his surroundings. This change in Jeffrey’s behavior most likely reflects

A. Conditioning
B. Habituation
C. Assimilation
D. Symbolic thought

B. Habituation

13

Joe carries his ten-day-old son Joshua in a baby sling as he walks around the Museum of Modern Art. In a room with the following four paintings, Joshua’s attention would be most riveted by the painting showing

A. Yellow and green stripes
B. A single red dot on a white background
C. A black surface
D. An abstract human face

D. An abstract human face

14

Sandra realises that her favourite toy, a musical carousel, remains the same even though it looks different when her father picks her up and she sees it from above. Sandra has achieved

A. Depth perception
B. Habituation
C. Object constancy
D. Object permanence

C. Object constancy

15

Two-year-old Peter liked to tug on his doll’s tail. One day, he tried to pull the cat’s tail and the cat scratched him. After that, Peter knew that only some tails are safe to pull on. Peter has undergone the process known as

A. Classical conditioning
B. Habituation
C. Accommodation
D. Assimilation

C. Accommodation

16

Which of the following toddlers is assimilating?

A. One who notices walking on a tiled floor requires more caution than the carpet
B. On who cries when her mother leaves, but soon calms down and starts playing
C. One who notices her father is happy when she calls him 'dada' and then begins to call all men 'dada'
D. One who stares at a colourful picture

C. One who notices her father is happy when she calls him 'dada' and then begins to call all men 'dada'

17

Drew is in the sixth substage of Piaget’s stages of sensorimotor intelligence. Consequently, when he sees his sister running into another room to hide his favourite toy, Drew will

A. Cry but not look for the toy
B. Look for the toy
C. Look but quickly give up
D. Stare blankly at where he last saw the toy

B. Look for the toy

18

Nicky’s first words were ‘Want’ and ‘Mine’. Donna’s first words were ‘Cup’ and ‘Bath’. Nicky has a ____ style of language and Donna has a ____ style of language.

A. expressive; expressive
B. Expressive; referential
C. Referential; expressive
D. Referential; referential

B. Expressive; referential

19

If a child says ‘Cup’, which of the following parental responses to the child’s utterance would constitute a contingent dialogue?

A. "Do you want a drink? Would you like some milk?"
B. "Good! You said cup, if you say 'Juice" I'll pour some in your cup"
C. "Here, you want it? You can have it"
D. "what about your cup? Tell me what you want"

A. "Do you want a drink? Would you like some milk?"

(Contingent dialogue involves extending a child's verbal initiative)

20

Every day when Michelle gives her two-year-old daughter Leah a bath, the two of them engage in a two-way conversation pertaining to the rubber duck, the soap, the bath water and the towel. This type of conversation is called

A. Contextual dialogue
B. Contingent dialogue
C. The expressive style of language
D. Receptive language

A. Contextual dialogue

21

Bill and Alison have experienced the birth of their first child. Accordingly, from now on they can expect to

A. Become more self-centred
B. Engage in sexual activity less often than before
C. Experience less conflict in their marital relationship
D. Take on more traditional gender roles

D. Take on more traditional gender roles

22

Ralph watched as Sally interacted with their new baby. The baby was watching her intently as Sally talked to her. Then, as soon as Sally finished, the baby started to make cooing noises as if in direct response. Ralph was witnessing

A. Caregiver-infancy synchrony
B. Rhythmicity
C. Self-referencing
D. Self-regulation

A. Caregiver-infancy synchrony

23

Which of the following is true concerning father-infant interactions?

A. Fathers tend to play more ritual games such as peek-a-boo
B. Fathers tend to spend more time interacting with infants than mothers
C. Fathers tend to roughhouse more with infants than mothers
D. Fathers tend to tal more with infants more than mothers

C. Fathers tend to roughhouse more with infants than mothers

24

Conflict between siblings is most likely to occur for which reason?

A. Because of an inherent dislike of one another
B. Because of disputed possessions
C. Because of different natural makeup
D. Because parents are seen as giving preferential treatment

D. Because parents are seen as giving preferential treatment

25

Three-and-a-half-year-old Elaine’s parents are looking to enrol their daughter in a child care centre. In order to make sure that the centre they select has effective teachers, they should look for one whose teachers

A. Are university educated
B. Are experienced mothers
C. Are over the age of thirty
D. Who were raised with siblings

A. Are university educated

26

Baby Dana is showing surprise. Accordingly, she could most probably also express

A. Guilt
B. Envy
C. Shame
D. Wariness

D. Wariness

27

At Hayley’s firstbirthday party, she expressed all of the following emotions EXCEPT

A. Joy at the cake
B. Shame at wetting herself
C. Anger at her brother for stealing her toys
D. Wariness at unknown people

B. Shame at wetting herself

28

The infant Michael has been classified as having a slow-to-warm-up temperament. Is it possible to predict what Michael’s personality will be like when he reaches his teen years?

A. No, infant temperament is not predictive of later personality
B. Yes, most likely anxious
C. Yes, most likely shy
D. Yes, most likely cautious

A. No, infant temperament is not predictive of later personality

29

Which two theories have had the greatest influence on the concept of attachment?

A. Behavioural and Piagetian
B Ethological and behavioural
C. Psychoanalytic and ethological
D. Piagetian and Psychoanalytic

C. Psychoanalytic and ethological

30

Ten-month-old Kerry, who has formed an attachment to her mother, has come with her mother to visit great-grandmother. According to attachment theory, when Kerry leaves her mother’s side and goes exploring into another area of great-grandmother’s living room, she should feel

A. Autonomous and self-confident
B. Bored and restless
C. Curious and daring
D. Fearful and anxious

D. Fearful and anxious