Chapter 8 & 9 Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Chapter 8 & 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 & 9 Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
1

In Year 1, James was the shortest child in the class. Now that he’s in Year 6, he’s still the shortest. Why does being shortest feel different at this point in his life than it did earlier?

A. Children in year 1 are more likely to evaluate each other stereotypically than children in year 6
B. His height was not very different from the other boys in year 1, whereas it is now closer to that of the girls
C. He was closer in height to the other children in year 1
D. There was more variation in height in year 1 than in year 6

C. He was closer in height to the other children in year 1

2

Bill and Alice are average children. Toward the end of sixth grade

A. Alice will probably be shorter than Bill
B. Alice will probably be taller than Bill
C. They will be approximately the same height
D. The height different between them will have decreased

B. Alice will probably be taller than Bill

(girls usually experience growth spurts before boys)

3

Sally, who is considered normal weight, complains to her mother that she is being teased at school for being fat. Sally’s Mom should

A. Help her lose wight to avoid more teasing
B. Consult a doctor in order to start her on a diet
C. Help her learn ways to cope with the teasing
D. Place her in another school

C. Help her learn ways to cope with the teasing

4

Which country has the highest rate of asthma in the world?

A. Australia
B. Britain
C. New Zealand
D. United States

C. New Zealand

5

Your friend Janet is the mother of a 10-year-old girl who is considered obese. When she turns to you for advice on helping her daughter to lose weight, you correctly advise her to

A. Eliminate all snack foods, candy and soft drinks from her diet
B. Put her on a diet program designed for adults
C. Participate with the child in her efforts to exercise and diet
D. Try a low-calorie crash diet with the goal of losing two kilos a week

C. Participate with the child in her efforts to exercise and diet

6

Ten-year-old Amy is almost able to complete a task by herself, but needs the assistance of her older brother to finish. This is an example of

A. Conservation
B. ZPD
C. Decentration
D. Reciprocal teaching

B. ZPD

7

The Ferns netball team just lost a crucial game. Consequently, it is likely that the members of the team will

A. Grow closer
B. Become more committed to practice
C. Become more cooperative
D. Experience significant stress

D. Experience significant stress

8

One advantage for children who participate in sports is that

A. Their hearts and large muscles tend to function more efficiently
B. They tend to score higher on mental ability tests
C. They tend to show better interpersonal skills
D. They learn to take failure in stride

A. Their hearts and large muscles tend to function more efficiently

9

Which of the following is most true of attention in middle childhood?

A. Attentional capacity decreases during MC
B. Selective attention improves in MC
C. Children struggle to screen out irrelevant stimuli in MC
D. Children are unable to sustain their attention over long periods of time during MC

B. Selective attention improves in MC

10

Jane is unable to pay attention in school and exhibits high activity levels. Jane’s parents are concerned that Jane may be diagnosed with

A. Attentional capacity disorder
B. Attention deficit disorder
C. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
D. Attentional hyperactivity disorder

C. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

11

Tommy has a chronic illness, whereas his sister Joan has an acute illness. Accordingly, Tommy probably

A. Has a less severe illness
B. Has a more severe illness
C. Will be sicker for a longer period of time
D. Will be sicker for a shorter period of time

C. Will be sicker for a longer period of time

12

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of bilingualism?

A. They perform better in logical-analytical tasks
B. They are superior in selective attention
C. They demonstrate great metalinguistic awareness
D. They perform beter at spatial reasoning tasks

D. They perform beter at spatial reasoning tasks

13

Four children are sorting coins. Which one is demonstrating decentration?

A. The one separating them into ten cents, twenty cents and dollar pieces
B. The one separating them by condition and mint location
C. The one sorting them by the metal they are made from
D. The one separating according to the year they were minted

B. The one separating them by condition and mint location

(Decentration involves considering two or more dimension of an item)

14

At the children’s parade, Ellen was put in charge of handing out the flags. Even though she knew that all the flags were the same size before she gave them out, because one of the boys was much taller than any of the others, Ellen thought his flagpole was now longer than anyone else’s. Ellen is apparently unable to understand

A. Conservation of length
B. Conservation of mass
C. Conservation of number
D. Decallage

A. Conservation of length

15

Which of the following is not a form of Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence?

A. Kinaesthetic/body balance skills
B. Musical skills
C. Interpersonal and intrapersonal skills
D. Theatre skills

D. Theatre skills

16

Studies on short-term recognition memory tend to show that

A. Preschoolers do just as well as schoolchildren on recognition tasks
B. Schoolchildren do as well as adults in recognition tasks
C. Schoolchildren's speed is slower, but their accuracy is better than adults
D. The recognition memory of schoolchildren is not as good as adults

D. The recognition memory of schoolchildren is not as good as adults

17

What are the implications for the classroom of children’s limitations on long-term memory?

A. Children should not be expected to remember facts and ideas over a long period of time
B. Children should be helped to make connections among ideas, stories and facts that they are taught
C. Children need to be taught the same thing several times
D. Children should be encouraged to memorise things by rote

B. Children should be helped to make connections among ideas, stories and facts that they are taught

18

James teaches at a primary school and is concerned with fostering learning, motivation and the development of social relationships among his diverse students. In his classroom, James sets

A. Individualised goals
B. Evaluative goals
C. Competitive goals
D. Cooperative goals

D. Cooperative goals

19

Lee was all set to perform a stand-up comedy routine at a school event when she was asked to eliminate all jokes with ethnic references. Even though these comprised the bulk of her routine, Lee was able to come up with new jokes on the spot that were funny, but devoid of ethnic mentions. In Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence, Lee would be considered high in ____ intelligence.

A. Componential
B. Contextual
C. Experiential
D. Kinaesthetic

C. Experiential

(Experiential intelligence relates to how effectively an individual responds to novelty in solving new problems, and how quickly an individual adjusts to the novelty form of the task and solve it)

20

At lunch time, five-year-old Alison is convinced that her sister Kirsten has more sandwich than she does because Kirsten’s is cut into four pieces. This demonstrates that Alison lacks

A. Egocentrism
B. Animalistic thinking
C. Hierarchical classification
D. Conservation

D. Conservation

21

From early childhood to middle childhood, children move from _________ concepts of self to _________ concepts of self.

A. Flexible; inflexible
B. Gobal; Sitaution-bound
C. Negative; Positive
D. Psychological; observable

B. Gobal; Sitaution-bound

22

Six-year-old Nathan has just resolved his Oedipus complex by repressing the sexual feelings that he has had for his mother. According to Freud, what will Nathan do next to quash his disappointment?

A. Find a six year old girlfriend
B. Focus on becoming skilful or competent in some area
C. Swear off women for good
D. Try to be as much like his mother as he can

B. Focus on becoming skilful or competent in some area

23

With considerable practice, eight-year-old Jorge has become the best swimmer in his whole primary school. Erikson would say that Jorge is developing a sense of

A. Competitiveness
B. Industry
C. Initiative
D. Integrity

B. Industry

24

Every day, after school, Eddie ran around the school track. Even though he lost every race that he entered, Eddie was satisfied that his running time was getting faster. Eddie is high in

A. Achievement motivation
B. Competitiveness
C. Extrinsic motivation
D. Performance orientation

A. Achievement motivation

25

Bob and Betty are typical authoritarian parents. They closely monitor their children’s homework, react to bad grades with punishment, and generally over-control their children. Accordingly, research predicts that their children are more likely to have a _________ orientation and _________ academic achievement.

A. Learning; higher
B. Learning; lower
C. Performance; higher
D. Performance; lower

D. Performance; lower

26

Towards late childhood, _________ and _________ are paramount in children’s friendships.

A. Equality; reciprocity
B. Shared interests; activities
C. Sharing; politeness
D. Equality; sharing

A. Equality; reciprocity

27

Erin and Tyler’s parents are going through a divorce. Consequently, it is likely that as a result of the divorce, Erin will become less _________ and Tyler will become more _________.

A. Aggressive; disobedient
B. Helpful; anxious
C. Obedient; responsible
D. Obedient; wilful

A. Aggressive; disobedient

28

Roberta and Howard are getting a divorce. Because they would like to make the transition as easy as possible for their three school-age children, a good suggestion for them to follow might be:

A. Explaining why the divorce is necessary
B. Involving the children in divorce related decisions
C. Keeping the children's routines the same as prior to the divorce
D. Telling the children which parent is responsible for the divorce

C. Keeping the children's routines the same as prior to the divorce

29

Six-year-old Nathan has just resolved his Oedipus complex by repressing the sexual feelings that he has had for his mother. According to Freud, what will Nathan do next to quash his disappointment?

A. Find a six year old girlfriend
B. Focus on becoming skilful or competent in some area
C. Swear off women for good
D. Try to be as much like his mother as he can

B. Focus on becoming skilful or competent in some area

30

With considerable practice, eight-year-old Jorge has become the best swimmer in his whole primary school. Erikson would say that Jorge is developing a sense of

A. Competitiveness
B. Industry
C. Initiative
D. Integrity

B. Industry