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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (27):
1

The idea that the earth is the center of the universe

Geocentric

2

Who were the pioneers of modern chemistry who lived during the 17th & 18th centuries

Isaac Newton
Francis bacon
Galileo
Boyle
Copernicus
Cavendish

3

Which country supplied arms and money to the American colonists?

France

4

Who defined the 3 laws of motion that govern the planetary bodies and universal law of gravitation?

Isaac Newton

5

An English philosopher that developed the scientific method

Francis Bacon

6

This era marked the beginning of the modern world and would play a major role in the expansion of suffrage if women and the abolishment of slavery

The enlightenment era

7

The enlightenment began in which two European countries?

France & England

8

The intellectuals who discussed ideas and used reason to explain the world and believed in tolerance for all religions

Philosophes

9

The French intellectual who believed in deism the idea God was like a watchmaker. He created the universe and set it in motion and allows it to run without interference.

Voltaire

10

Who identified the 3 branches of government?

Montesquieu

11

Believed in life liberty and property

John Locke

12

Who was the first to argue that the sun not the earth was the center or the universe?

Copernicus

13

The offspring of Spanish/European and native Americans were known as?

Mestizos

14

The native Americans that worked on plantations were known as?

Encomienda

15

What were the most profitable trade items during the 18th century?

Sugar
Tobacco
Diamonds
Animal hide

16

What areas did Great Britain control during the enlightenment?

Canada
13 original colones
India

17

The taxes that led up to the disenfranchisement of the American colonies

Stamp act
Tea act
Sugar act

18

Fighting between the British & colonists began when?

April 1775, at Lexington& concord

19

Isaac newtons universal law of gravitation explained what?

Planetary bodies do not go off into straight lines but continue in elliptical orbits around the sun

20

The British were forced to surrender to George Washington in 1781 where?

Yorktown

21

The what in 1783 recognized independence for the American colonies given them the western territory from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River?

Treaty of Paris

22

The first constitution of the newly founded United States was what?

The articles of confederation.

23

In the what power is shared between the national government and the state government?

The federal government.

24

5 amendments of the Bill of Rights

Religion
Speech
Press
Petition
Assembly

25

The offspring of a European and African

Mulattoes

26

What are the 3 roles of government according to Adam smith?

Protection from invasion
Protection from injustice
Provide services

27

Who was the Italian scientist that found himself in trouble with the Catholic Church for believe the sun sorta motionless at the center of the universe?

Galileo