Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Mayes > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (39):
0

Who established the line of demarcation?

Pope Alexander the 6th

1

The treaty separating Spain & Portugal

Treaty or tordesellias

2

What was the name of the set of principals that dominated the economic thought in the 17th century?

Mercantilism

3

Who went to their grave believe they found India when really they found the Americas?

Christopher Columbus

4

What circumnavigated the world in 1520?

Ferdinand Magellan

5

The journey of the slaves from Africa to the Americas

The middle passage

6

The right of the Spanish settlers to use Native Americans as laborers

Encomienda system

7

The Italian seaman who discovered the Bahamas, Cuba, and Hispaniola

Christopher Columbus

8

Extremely profitable item from Asia

Spice

9

Explorer who discovered Mexico in 1519

Hernando Cortez

10

Vasco de Gama discovery of a route to India by sea resulted in what

Several thousand percent profit

11

The Dutch tried to dominate the Clive trade by

Limiting clove sale to one island and controlling the trading

12

Why's society of eastern Nigeria produced more slaves than any other in the continent of Africa

Ibo

13

Originally slaves were brought to the Americas to supply labor for the what?

Sugar cane plantations

14

What were the Moluccas know to the Europeans as the what

Spice islands

15

What did the treaty of Tordesillas in1494 establish?

Spain = new world
Portugal = Brazil and control trading in Africa and in Asia

16

According to mercantilists the prosperity of the nation is dependent on what?

Bullion gold and silver

17

Triangular trade

Europe > Africa (guns tools clothes) Africa > Americas (slaves) Americas > Europe (sugar tobacco cotton)

18

Highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore the west African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean

Caravel

19

A navigational instrument that measures direction in a frame of reference that is stationary relative to the surface of the earth

Compass

20

Explorer who discovered Florida in 1513

Juan Ponce de Leon

21

African society that was ruined because of the slave trade

Congo (Benin)

22

Explorer who do covered the cape of good hope at the southern tip of Africa in 1488

Bartoleu Dias

23

Explorer who discovered the South American coast line in 1499

Amerigo Vespucci

24

Explored New England coastline of the Americas

John Cabot

25

Explored who discovered Peru in 1531

Francisco Pizarro

26

To Portuguese explorers tag southern coast of west Africa became known as the what?

Gold Coast

27

Sailors who coils calculate their location based on the position of the sun and stars in relation to the horizon

The astrolabe

28

Which Native American civilization did Pizarro conquer?

The incas

29

Who was the leader at yeah riel of Cortes' arrival?

Montazuma

30

How did the Renaissance contribute to the age of exploration?

By awakening a spirit of discovery and innovation in Europe.

31

The 3 G's

God Gold Glory

32

Who circumnavigated the the world?

Ferdinand Magellan

33

What was a conquistador

Magellan
Vasco de Gama

34

Which of the following explores was the first to sail around Africa to India?

Vasco de Gama

35

Ferdinand and Isabella financed the Nina, The Pinta, and the Santa Maria for which explorer?

Christopher Columbus

36

What narrow strip of land separated the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean

String of Magellan

37

The global transfer of plant, animals, disease, and food between Eastern and Western hemispheres during the age of exploration

Colombian exchange

38

What does circumnavigate mean?

To travel around the entire globe.