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Flashcards in Final Part 2 Deck (51):
1

What was the major idea of the enlightenment thinkers?

All people were created equal

2

A German printer who worked on a project that would create a new way of printing books. He created the printing press and movable type.

Johannes Gutenburg

3

Established a line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territories: a

Treaty of Tordeselliss

4

What was the name of the set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th century?

Mercantilism

5

A sculptor who lived during the 1400's. He created the sculptor "David".

Michaelanhelo

6

When did the Renaissance take place?

1300-1600

7

Who went to their grave believing he had discovered a westward passage to Asia, when in fact he had actually discovered the Americas?

Christopher Columbus

8

Explorer who sailed around the world in 1520?

Ferdenand Magellan

9

Where did the resissance begin?

Italy

10

The scientific revolution is also known as

The age of reason

11

What is the most important ideal that arose out of the Renaissance?

Individuality

12

The journey of slaves from Africa to America was known as?

Middle passage

13

The right of Spanish settlers to use native Americans as laborers?

Encomienda system

14

An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements is known as

Humanism

15

Who were the enlightenment thinkers?

• john Locke
• Voltaire
• Diderot
•Montesquieu
• Adam smith
• Rosseau
• Mary Wollstonecraft

16

Who believes that humans are naturally cruel, greedy, selfish, and should be ruled by a powerful government to ensure an orderly society?

Thomas Hobbes

17

Extremely profitable trade item from Southeast Asia was

Spices

18

Who believed that humans have natural rights to life, liberty, and property?

John Locke

19

The idea that businesses can operate with little or no government interference is known as

laissez-faire

20

Renaissance is a French term meaning ____

Rebirth

21

The ceiling of Rome's Sistine chapel was painted by

Michelangelo

22

The Medici family came from _____ Italy.

Florence

23

Mona Lisa and the last supper were painted by

Leonardo Da Vinci

24

Vasco de Gama's discovery of a route to India by sea resulted in

Made a several thousand percent profit from selling a cargo of spices

25

The Dutch tried to dominate the clove trade by

Limiting the clove sale to one island and controlling the trading

26

What Renaissance author wrote "The Prince"?

Niccoló Machiavelli

27

What Italian scientist found himself in trouble with the authorities for claiming that the sun sat motionless at the center of the universe?

Galileo

28

What problems did the Legislative assembly face in France prior to the revolution?

• economic problems
• rebellion of peasants
• opposition of the king
• threat of foreign armies invading

29

Who were the main contributors to taxes prior to the French Revolution?

Peasants, 3rd estate

30

Which of the following were laws enacted by the National Assembly?

• divide France into Legislative districts
• provide religious freedoms to everyone
• seized properly from the church to pay for the countries debt

31

Renaissance Italy was divided into numerous small ______

City-states

32

What did the treaty of Torsesillas in 1494 establish?

Established unexplored territories East of the line went to Portugal, and west of the line went to Spain.

33

According to mercantilists, the prosperity of a nation depended on a

Large supply of bullion, gold, and silver

34

Describe the path of triangular trade

Europe ➡️ Africa ➡️ Americas ➡️

35

The ________ include grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric.

Humanities

36

A consequence of the invention of a printing press with movable type was an increase in ______.

Literacy

37

The Renaissance saw a renewal of interests in ancient ______ and ______ culture.

Greek, Roman

38

The entire historical period between the farm of the western roman Emmanuel drugs Renaissance is called

Middle Ages

39

What important event occurred in the United States at the beginning of the French Revolution?

George Washington was inaugurated as president

40

A _____ is a navigational instrument that measures direction in a frame of reference that is stationary relative to the surface of earth

Compass

41

The Renaissance interest in the human body revived the science of ______

Anatomy

42

______, ______, ________ were the three most powerful city-states in Italy during the Renaissance.

Florence, Venice, Malin

43

The series of destructive wars for control of Italy were fought primarily between?

Spain and France

44

What played a role in triggering the French Revolution?

• famine
• bread prices
• distrust in the king

45

The three estates in the estates general consisted of

- Clergy
- nobility
- middle class

46

The central leader of the Revolution who believed in a 'republic of virtue' and who was called "the incorruptible " was

Maxamillion Robspierre

47

Most common method of execution used during the French Revolution was death by

Guillotine

48

This event marked the beginning of the French Revolution

Storming of the Bastielle

49

Who was king of France at the time of the revolution?

Louis XIV (16th)

50

Who was the educated middle class during the French Revolution

Bourgeoisie

51

Explorer who discovered Mexico in 1519?

Hernand Cortes