Flashcards in Final Part 2 Deck (51):
What was the major idea of the enlightenment thinkers?
All people were created equal
A German printer who worked on a project that would create a new way of printing books. He created the printing press and movable type.
Established a line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territories: a
Treaty of Tordeselliss
What was the name of the set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th century?
A sculptor who lived during the 1400's. He created the sculptor "David".
When did the Renaissance take place?
Who went to their grave believing he had discovered a westward passage to Asia, when in fact he had actually discovered the Americas?
Explorer who sailed around the world in 1520?
Where did the resissance begin?
The scientific revolution is also known as
The age of reason
What is the most important ideal that arose out of the Renaissance?
The journey of slaves from Africa to America was known as?
The right of Spanish settlers to use native Americans as laborers?
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements is known as
Who were the enlightenment thinkers?
• john Locke
• Adam smith
• Mary Wollstonecraft
Who believes that humans are naturally cruel, greedy, selfish, and should be ruled by a powerful government to ensure an orderly society?
Extremely profitable trade item from Southeast Asia was
Who believed that humans have natural rights to life, liberty, and property?
The idea that businesses can operate with little or no government interference is known as
Renaissance is a French term meaning ____
The ceiling of Rome's Sistine chapel was painted by
The Medici family came from _____ Italy.
Mona Lisa and the last supper were painted by
Leonardo Da Vinci
Vasco de Gama's discovery of a route to India by sea resulted in
Made a several thousand percent profit from selling a cargo of spices
The Dutch tried to dominate the clove trade by
Limiting the clove sale to one island and controlling the trading
What Renaissance author wrote "The Prince"?
What Italian scientist found himself in trouble with the authorities for claiming that the sun sat motionless at the center of the universe?
What problems did the Legislative assembly face in France prior to the revolution?
• economic problems
• rebellion of peasants
• opposition of the king
• threat of foreign armies invading
Who were the main contributors to taxes prior to the French Revolution?
Peasants, 3rd estate
Which of the following were laws enacted by the National Assembly?
• divide France into Legislative districts
• provide religious freedoms to everyone
• seized properly from the church to pay for the countries debt
Renaissance Italy was divided into numerous small ______
What did the treaty of Torsesillas in 1494 establish?
Established unexplored territories East of the line went to Portugal, and west of the line went to Spain.
According to mercantilists, the prosperity of a nation depended on a
Large supply of bullion, gold, and silver
Describe the path of triangular trade
Europe ➡️ Africa ➡️ Americas ➡️
The ________ include grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric.
A consequence of the invention of a printing press with movable type was an increase in ______.
The Renaissance saw a renewal of interests in ancient ______ and ______ culture.
The entire historical period between the farm of the western roman Emmanuel drugs Renaissance is called
What important event occurred in the United States at the beginning of the French Revolution?
George Washington was inaugurated as president
A _____ is a navigational instrument that measures direction in a frame of reference that is stationary relative to the surface of earth
The Renaissance interest in the human body revived the science of ______
______, ______, ________ were the three most powerful city-states in Italy during the Renaissance.
Florence, Venice, Malin
The series of destructive wars for control of Italy were fought primarily between?
Spain and France
What played a role in triggering the French Revolution?
• bread prices
• distrust in the king
The three estates in the estates general consisted of
- middle class
The central leader of the Revolution who believed in a 'republic of virtue' and who was called "the incorruptible " was
Most common method of execution used during the French Revolution was death by
This event marked the beginning of the French Revolution
Storming of the Bastielle
Who was king of France at the time of the revolution?
Louis XIV (16th)
Who was the educated middle class during the French Revolution