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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (26):
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Divine right of kings

The belief that God gave kings their power

1

Puritans

English Protestants from the 16th & 17th centuries

2

Oliver Cromwell

The leader of the commonwealth of England. Military genius.

3

English bill of rights

1689, limited the power of the monarch and gave rights to the citizens

4

Absolutism

Th be in complete control

5

Hugenots

French Protestants influenced by John Calvin

6

Edict of Nantes

Recognized Catholicism as France's official religion but gave Huguenots the right to worship and have political privileges such as holding office.

7

Tolerance act of 1689

Granted puritans but not Catholics the right of free public worship.

8

John Locke (US Influence)

He believed in natural rights supported in the Declaration of Independence

9

Witchcraft hysteria

Magic; most accused were single widowed and over 50. 75% were women.

10

Cause of the 30 years war

Calvinists and Catholics couldn't get along

11

Peter the great (cultural changes in Russia)

Facial fair, cutting of the coats, national language, and women's clothing

12

Spanish Armada

A fella if warships sent by phillip the 2nd to incase England. They were not successful.

13

Phillip the 2nd

Greatest supporter of militant Catholicism. Defeated the Turks in 1571. He was a ultra catholic.

14

Inflation

Rising prices

15

Czar

The Russian word for Caesar.

16

Ultra catholic

Someone who is an extreme catholic

17

Boyars

Russian Nobles

18

Palace of Versailles

Louis XIV lived there & built it. Located 13 miles outside of Paris.

19

Mannerisms

Artistic movement the emerged in Italy in the 1520's & 1530's; it marked the end of the Renaissance by breaking down the principles of balance harmony and moderation.

20

Louis XIV

Built palace if Versailles known as the sun king

21

Baroque

European art, music, and architecture of the 17th & 18th centuries

22

Henrey of Navarre

Leader of the hugenots

23

Witchcraft

Magic

24

Hobbes view of people

Humans were guided not by reason and moral ideas but by the ruthless struggle for self preservation

25

Locke's view of people

He believe people were born naturally good