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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (13):
1

race

generally connotes biological differences among groups of people
-a categorization in which a large number of people share visible biological characteristics regard themselves or are regarded by others as a single group on that basis
-more of a social construct than a biological construct = a group is defined as a racial group when certain physical characteristics are selected for special emphasis by members of a society

2

ethnicity

used to describe the organizational, behavioral, and cultural characteristics of a culture

3

racial & ethnic inequality

social arrangements that confer privileges upon one group at the expense of another group
-inequalities of income, wealth, and education attainment
-inequalities in health care, homicide rates, infant mortality rates, housing, etc.

4

racism

an ideology or set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group over another
-used to justify social arrangements between the dominant and minority groups

5

prejudice

an irrationally based negative, or occasionally positive, attitude toward certain groups and their members
-rooted in stereotypes or generalizations
-subjective feeling

6

discrimination

refers to differential treatment, usually unequal and injurious, accorded to individuals who are assumed to belong to a particular category or group
-overt action

7

individual discrimination

occurs when one person treats others unfairly because of their race or ethnicity

8

institutional discrimination

refers to complex societal arrangements that restrict the life chances and choices of a specifically defined group in comparison with those of the dominant group

9

assimilation

the process whereby groups with different cultures come to share a common culture

10

Anglo conformity

the renunciation of other ancestral cultures in favor of Anglo-American behavior and values

11

pluralism

the development and coexistence of separate racial and ethnic group identities within a society

12

subjugation

the domination of one group by another

13

segregation

the act, process, or state of being set apart