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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (25):
1

personality
-definition
-2 ranges

-An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
-research foundation and emphasis

2

Range in research foundation
-2 things

1. theoretical (pyschodynamic)
2. empirical (like 5 factor model)

3

Range in emphasis
-2 things

1. individual (like 5 factor model)
2. person and env. (like humanistic approach)

4

pyschoanalytical approach
-developed by who
-modern name
-approach

-sigmund freud
-pyschodynamic approach
-Freud's structure of the mind

5

freud's structure of the mind
-3 things

1. Id
2. Superego
3. Ego

6

Id
-type of drive
-what does it seek
-rational or irrational
-example

-unconscious drive (hunger thirst, sex)
-Seeks pleasure
-irrational
-PIZZA!

7

Superego
-3 things
-example

-moral compass
-harsh internal judge
-irrational
-Get you life under control

8

Ego
-2 things
-example

-Voice of reason
-Pleasure within reality
-pizza after studying

9

5 pyschosexual stages

1. Oral
2. Anal
3. Phallic
4. Latency
5. genital

10

Oral stage
-age
-includes 3 things
type of gradification

-birth to 1 1/2 years
-tongue, sucking, sounds
-immediate (oral) gratification (id)

11

Anal stage
-age
-what is fun
-why is it done
-conflict between
-example

-1 1/2 to 3 years
-pooping and peeing are fun
-to get attention
-conflict between id and ego
-Poop when and where i want (id); parent want to see toilet training (ego)

12

Phallic stage
-age
-includes
-develops what
-focuses on

-3 to 6 years
-genitals
-superego
-focuses on developing their sexual identity

13

Oedipus complex
-who's experience
-desires mother or father?
-fear's who
-develops what
-what happens eventually

-boys
-desire mother
-fears father
-develops castration anxiety
-eventually decides to identify with father

14

Electra complex
-whos experience
-desires who
-blames who
-develops what
-what happens eventually

-girls
-father
-blames mother
-develops penis anxiety
-eventually decides to identify with mother

15

Latency stage
-age
-recovery from what stage
-conforms to
-focuses on
-represses what

-6 years to puberty
-recovery from phallic stage
-conforms to social expectations
-focuses on cognition and social development
-represses sexual desires

16

Genital stage
-age
-if stages were successful
-if stages were unsuccessful

-adolescent to adulthood
- sexual maturity
-neurosis

17

Traits
-definition
-focus on
-strong what

consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions
-focus on individual differences
-strong physiological ties

18

five factor model
-what is it
-uses what type of stat
-foundation for
-5 factors

-enormous data collection
-factor analysis
-for DSM 5 personality disorders
-openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism

19

Openness to experience
-definition
-what does it mean to be high in O
-what does it mean to be low in O
-High O correlates with (3 things)

-reflects how much you conform
-eccentric, creative, curious
-close-minded, inflexible, routine
-high IQ scores and cognitive functioning, live longer, high use of social media

20

Conscientious
-definition
-high in C
-low in C
-high in C correlates with better (3 things)

-reflects your level of self-control
-perfectionist, workaholic, high self-discipline, organized
-irresponsible, distractible, lazy, negligent
-friendships, health, stress management

21

Extraversion
-definition
-high in E
-Low in E
-high in E correlated with (3 things)

-how you relate to others in social settings
-seek attention and excitement, warm, optimistic, affectionate
-withdrawn, shy, reserved, detached
-high in gratitude, high in subject well-being, high in sense of meaning in life

22

Agreeableness
-definition
-high in A
-low in A
-high A correlated with more (3 things)

-reflects the way you relate to people in 1-1 relationships
-submissive, caring, selfless, helpful
-callousness, deceitful, suspicious, aggressive
-generosity, satisfying romantic relationships, positive views of others

23

Neuroticism
-definition
-high N
-low in N
-high N correlated with (3 things)

-reflects how you cope with stress
-insecure, anxious, moody, worrying, self-pity
-in control, emotionally stable, face challenges and obstacles
-increase in cardiovascular disease, increase in health complaints and decrease in subjective well-being

24

when does personality stabilize?

around age 30

25

most common test for personality

NEO-PI
-Neuroticism/extraversion/openness/ personality inventory