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Flashcards in chapter 5 Deck (17):
1

Learning

•A relatively permanent change
•In organism's behavior that occurs
•as a result of experiences in the environment

2

Classical conditioning
•what was the famous research project
•3 stages

•Pavlov's dogs
1. Preconditioning
2. Conditioning
3. Post conditioning

3

Preconditioning
•definition
•2 variables

•before learning
•dogs will salivate if food is near
1. UCS -> UCR
2. NS -> NE

4

UCS
•what does it stand for
•definition
•example

•Unconditioned stimulus
•the cause
•math class

5

UCR
•what does it stand for
•definition
•example

•Unconditioned response
•An involuntary or previously learned response (this IS the response)
•Anxiety that you feel

6

NS
•what does it stand for
•definition
•example

•Neutral stimulus
•Meaningless
•New notebook

7

NE
•what does it stand for
•definition

•No effect
•no response

8

Conditioning
•definition
•formula
•example

•Learning is happening
• UCS + NS -> UCR
(The UCS and NS happened close in time)
•Math class + new notebook together cause anxiety

9

Post conditioning
•definition
•formula
•2 variables

•Now learned
•CS-> CR
1. Conditioned stimulus
2. Conditioned response

10

CS
•what does it stand for
•What is it in place of
•example

•conditioned stimulus
•NS
•Notebook now has a meaning

11

CR
•what does it stand for
•definition
•example

•Conditioned response
•Same as UCR but has a different cause
•Anxiety is caused by notebook

12

Operant conditioning
-what is it
-famous experiment
-3 steps

-A response is met with reinforcement or punishment
-Thorndike's Law of Effect
1. Stimulus is presented in environment
2. Organism chooses response
3. Environment either reinforces or punishes that response

13

Thorndike's Law of effect

-Good outcome -> repeated behavior
-Bad outcome -> fewer behaviors

14

OC reinforcement
-definition

-Increases likelihood of performing/repeating behavior

15

OC reinforcement
-positive rein.
-Negative rein.

-Addition, give you something you want
-Subtraction, take away something you don't want

16

OC punishment
-definition

Decreases likelihood of performing/repeated behavior

17

OC punishment
-positive pun.
-negative pun.

-addition, give you something you don't want
-subtraction, take away something you want