Chapter 10 Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Endocrine System Deck (156):
1

Aden/o

Gland

2

Keton/o

Ketone Bodies (Ketones)

3

Adren/o

Adrenal Gland

4

Lact/o

Milk

5

Adrenal/o

Adrenal Gland

6

Natr/o

Sodium

7

Andr/o

Male

8

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

9

Calc/o

Calcium

10

Parthyroid/o

Parathyroid Glands

11

Cortic/o

Cortex (Outer Region)

12

Phys/o

Growth; Growing

13

Crin/o

To Secrete

14

Pineal/o

Pineal Gland

15

Dips/o

Thirst

16

Pituitar/o

Pituitary

17

Estr/o

Female

18

Somat/o

Body

19

Gluc/o

Sugar

20

Ster/o

Solid Structure

21

Glyc/o

Sugar

22

Thym/o

Thymus Gland

23

Gonad/o

Sex Glands

24

Thyr/o

Thyroid Gland

25

Home/o

Sameness

26

Thyroid/o

Thyroid Gland

27

Hormon/o

Hormones

28

Toc/o

Childbirth

29

Insulin/o

Insulin

30

Toxic/o

Poison

31

Kal/i

Potassium

32

Ur/o

Urine; Urinary Tract

33

pan-

all

34

endo-

in; within

35

poly-

many; much

36

eu-

good; normal; true

37

tetra-

four

38

hyper-

above; excessive; increased

39

tri-

three

40

hypo-

below; deficient; decreased

41

Acr/o

Extremities

42

oxy-

rapid; sharp; acid

43

-agon

to assemble; gather

44

-megaly

enlargement

45

-al

pertaining to

46

-oid

resembling

47

-ectomy

removal; excision; resection

48

-oma

tumor; mass; collection of fluid

49

-emia

blood condition

50

-one

hormone

51

-emic

pertaining to a blood condition

52

-osis

abnormal condition

53

-gen

producing; forming

54

-pathy

disease condition

55

-in, -ine

a substance

56

-stasis

stopping; controlling

57

-ism

process; condition

58

-tomy

incision; process of cutting into

59

-ist

specialist

60

-tropic

turning

61

-itis

inflammation

62

-tropin

stimulate; act on

63

-logy

study of

64

ACTH

Adrenocoricotropic Hormone

65

K

Potassium

66

ADH

Antiduretic Hormone

67

LDDS

Low Dose Dexamethasone Suppression Test

68

BG

Blood Glucose

69

LH

Luteinizing Hormone

70

Ca

Calcium

71

Mg

Magnesium

72

Cl

Chloride

73

Na

Sodium

74

DI

Diabetes Insipidus

75

OT

Oxytocin

76

DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

77

PRL

Prolactin

78

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

79

PTH

Parathormone

80

FBS

Fasting Blood Sugar

81

PU/PD

Polyuria/Polydipsia

82

FSH

Follicle-stimulating Hormone

83

RAI

Radioactive Iodine; Treatment for hyperthyroidism

84

GH

Growth Hormone

85

T3

Triiodothyronine

86

GTT

Glucose Tolerance Tesst

87

T4

Thyroxine; Tetraiodothythronine

88

HDDS

High Dose Dexamethasone Suppression Test

89

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating Hormone

90

Adrenal glands

pair of suprarenal glands that are made up of a cortex and medulla

91

Adrenal cortex

outer section of adrenal gland that secretes corticosteroids

92

Adrenal medulla

inner section of the adrenal gland that secretes catecholamines

93

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

hormone produced by the anterior pituitary; stimulates the adrenal cortex

94

Aldosterone

produced by the adrenal cortex; controls sodium reabsorption and potassium excretion

95

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

hormone produced by the posterior pituitary that controls reabsorption of water by the kidneys; aka vasopressin

96

Calcitonin

hormone produced by the thyroid gland to regulate calcium levels

97

Catecholamines

hormones derived from amino acids secreted from the adrenal medulla; epinephrine & norepinephrine

98

Corticosteroids

hormones derived from fats and secreted by the adrenal cortex; glucocorticoids & mineralcorticoids (steriods)

99

Cortisol

glucocorticoid produced by the adrenal cortex to regulate metabolism of carbs , fats, and lipids; increases blood glucose

100

Electrolytes

chemical substances necessary for proper functioning of cells; potassium, chloride, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium

101

Epinephrine

catecholamine produced by the adrenal medulla to increase blood pressure, heart rate, and blood glucose; aka adrenaline

102

Estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for female secondary sex characteristics

103

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

hormone produced by pituitary to stimulate maturation of ovum

104

Glucagon

hormone produced by pancreas to increase blood sugar

105

Glucocorticoids

corticosteroids that regulate metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins; have an anti-inflammatory effect

106

Glycogen

stored starch form of glucose in liver

107

Gonadotropins

hormones that stimulate the gonads

108

Growth hormone (GH)

produced by the anterior pituitary to stimulate growth of bones and tissues; aka somatotropin

109

Homeostasis

state of equilibrium of the body's internal environment

110

Hormone

chemical messengers that have a lock and key effect in which they bind to sites on other organs and tissues to trigger an action

111

Insulin

hormone produced by the pancreas to decrease blood sugar

112

Ketones

acid by-products of fat metabolism

113

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

produced by the anterior pituitary to promote ovulation

114

Mineralocorticoid

corticosteroids produced by the adrenal cortex to regulate electrolytes and water balance

115

Norepinephrine

catecholamine produced by the adrenal medulla to promote vasoconstriction, increase blood pressure, and heart rate

116

Melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)

hormone released by the anterior pituitary and stimulates the production of melanin

117

Ovaries

pair of female organs on either side of the pelvis that produce estrogen and progesterone

118

Oxytocin

hormone produced by the posterior pituitary to stimulate the uterus to contract and secrete milk

119

Pancreas

endocrine gland that secretes insulin and glucagon to regulate blood glucose

120

Parathormone (PTH)

hormone produced by the parathyroid glands to regulate calcium and phosphorus

121

Parathyroid glands

four small endocrine glands on the posterior aspect of the thyroid gland that regulate calcium

122

Pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain made of an anterior and posterior portion; aka "master gland"; produces ADH, Oxytocin, ACTH, FSH, GH, LH, MSH, PRL, TSH

123

Hypothalamus

portion of the brain that secretes releasing and inhibiting factors that affect the pituitary

124

Progesterone

hormone produced by the ovaries during pregnancy to protect the embryo and stimulate lactation

125

Prolactin (PRL)

produced by the anterior pituitary; stimulates milk secretion

126

Testes

male gonads that produce spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone

127

Testoterone

hormone produced by the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics

128

Thyroid gland

endocrine gland in the neck that produces thyroid hormones which help regulate metabolism and stores iodine

129

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

produced by the anterior pituitary and stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones

130

Thyoxine (T4)

produced by the thyroid to regulate metabolism; aka tetraiodothyronine

131

Triiodothyronine (T3)

produced by the thyroid to regulate metabolism

132

Thymus gland

organ in the cranial mediastinum that produces and stores lymphocytes

133

Dexamethasone suppression test

test that measures the body's response to a dexamethasone injection to diagnose Cushing's and its cause

134

Diabetes insipidus (DI)

metabolic disorder causing a lack of anti-diuretic hormone secretion

135

Diabetes mellitus (DM)

disorder characterized by a lack of insulin secretion or a rsistance to insulin

136

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

low blood pH due to a build up of ketones in diabetics

137

Glucose curve

test used to diagnose DM; monitor blood glucose changes in a 24 hr period

138

Hyperadrenocorticism

disease in which excessive cortisol is produced by adrenal cortex; Cushing's Disease

139

Hypoadrenocorticism

disease causing a lack of cortisol secretion by the adrenal cortex; Addison's Disease

140

Hypercrinism

condition of excessive secretion from a gland

141

Hypocrinism

condition of deficient secretion from a gland

142

Hypergonadism

excessive hormone secretionfromthe gonads

143

Hypogonadism

deficient hormone secretion from the gonads

144

Hyperinsulinism

deficient insulin secretion from the pancreas

145

Hyperparathyroidism

excessive secretion of parathormone from the parathyroid

146

Hypoparathyroidism

deficient secretion of parathormone from the parathyroid

147

Hyperpituitarism

excessive secretion from the pituitary

148

Hypopituitarism

deficient secretion from the pituitary

149

Hyperthyroidism

excessive hormone secretion from the thyroid gland; most common in cats

150

Hypothyroidism

deficient hormone secretion from the thyroid gland; most common in dogs

151

Insulinoma

tumor on the pancreas causing excessive secretion of insulin; most common in ferrets

152

Panhypopituitarism

hypopituitarism due to an absence of the pituitary gland

153

Pheochromocytoma

tumor in the adrenal medulla causing excessive secretion of catecholamines

154

Piruitarism

any disorder of the pituitary gland

155

T3 suppression test

administration of T3 to diagnose borderline hyperthyroidism

156

Thyrotoxicosis

excessive, life threatening amounts of thyroid hormones