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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Liver Deck (94)
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1

Smallest lobe of the liver situated on the posterosuperior surface of the left lobe; the ligamentum venosum is the anterior border

caudate lobe

2

seperates left lobe from caudate lobe; shown as echogenic line on the transverse sagittal images

ligamentum venosum

3

Area superior to the liver that is not covered by peritoneum so that inferior vena cava may enter chest

bare area

4

Lies in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium

left lobe of liver

5

Largest lobe of the liver

right lobe of liver

6

Boundrary between the right and left lobes of the liver; seen as hyperechoic line on the sagittal image extending from the portal vein to the neck of the gallbladder

main lobar fissure

7

Extends from the umbilicus to the diaphragm in a sagittal plane and contains the ligamentum teres

falciform ligament

8

Supplies the left lobe of the liver

left portal vein

9

Appears as bright echogenic foci on transverse image; along with falciform ligament, it divides medial and lateral segments of the left lobe of liver

ligamentum teres

10

Enters the liver at the porta hepatis

main portal vein

11

Right upper quadrant of the abdomen that contains the liver and gallbladder

right hypochondrium

12

Supplies the right lobe of liver; branches into anterior and posterior segments

right portal vein

13

Left upper quadrant of the abdomen that contains the left lobe of liver, spleen, and stomach

left hypochondrium

14

Area between the right and left hypochomdrium

epigastrium

15

Yellow pigment in bile formed by the breakdown of red blood cells; excreted by liver and stored in gallbladder

bilirubin

16

Alanine aminotransferase-enzyme of the liver

ALT

17

What's the name for specific laboratory tests that look at liver function

liver function tests

18

Aspartate aminotransferase-enzyme of the liver

AST

19

Flow away from the liver

hepatofugal

20

Parenchyml liver cell that performs all functions ascribed to the liver

hepatocyte

21

Uncontrolled increase in blood glucose levels

hyperglycemia

22

Enzyme of the liver

alkaline phosphatase

23

Classification of liver disease where hepatocytes are the primary problem

hepatocellular disease

24

Blood urea nitrogen; laboratory measurement of the amount of nitrogenous waste and creatinine in the blood

BUN

25

Classification of liver disease where the main problem is blocked bile excretion within the liver or biliary system

obstructive disease

26

Flow toward the liver

hepatopetal

27

Deficiency in blood glucose levels

hypoglycemia

28

Outside the liver (pathology term)

extrahepatic

29

Hypoechoic mass with an echogenic central core (abcess, metastases)
(pathology term)

bull's-eye (target) lesion

30

Any new growth (benign or malignant)
(pathology term)

neoplasm