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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Pancreas Deck (59)
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1

Branch of splenic artery that supplies the tail of the pancreas

caudal pancreatic artery

2

Tapered end of the pancreas that lies in the left hypochondrium near the hilus of the spleen and upper pole of the left kidney

tail of the pancreas

3

Junction of the splenic and main portal vein; posterior border of the body of the pancreas

portal splenic confluence

4

Help supply blood to the pancreas along with the splenic artery

pancreaticoduodenal arteries

5

Lies in the midepigastrium anterior to the superior mesenteric artery and vein, aorta, and inferior vena cava

body of the pancreas

6

Small curved tip of the pancreatic head that lies posterior to the superior mesenteric vein.

uncinate process

7

Forms the lateral border of the head of the pancreas

C-loop of the duodenum

8

Small area of the pancreas between the head and body; anterior to the superior mesenteric vein.

neck of pancreas

9

Lies posterior to the neck of body of the pancreas and anterior to the uncinate process gland

Superior mesenteric vein

10

Forms the right superior border of the body and head of the pancreas and gives rise to the gastroduodenal artery

common hepatic duct

11

Largest duct of the pancreas that drains the tail, body, and head of gland; it joins the common bile duct to enter the duodenum through the ampulla of Vater

duct of Wirsung

12

Lies in the C-loop of the duodenum; the gastroduodenal artery is the anterolateral border, and the common bile duct is the posterolateral border

head of pancreas

13

Serves as the posterior border to the body of the pancreas

superior mesenteric artery

14

Small accessory duct of the pancreas found in the head of the gland

duct of Santorini

15

Branch of the splenic artery that supplies the body of the pancreas

dorsal pancreatic artery

16

The kind of pancreatic function that involves the production of the hormone insulin

endocrine

17

Portion of the pancreas that has an endocrine function and produces insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin

islets of Langerhans

18

Stimulates the liver to convert the glycogen to glucose; produced by alpha cells

glucagons

19

The kind of pancreatic function that involves the production and digestion of pancreatic juice

exocrine

20

Pancreatic enzyme that is elevated during pancreatitis

serum amylase

21

Cells that perform exocrine function

acini cells

22

Hormone that causes glycogen formation from glucose in the liver and that allows circulating glucose to enter tissue cells

insulin

23

Pancreatic enzyme that breaks down fats; enzyme is elevated in pancreatitis and remains increased longer than amylase

lipase

24

Enzyme secreted by the pancreas to aid in the digestion of carbohydrates

amylase

25

Congenital condition in which elevated fat levels cause pancreatitis

hyperlipidemia

26

Excessive bilirubin in the bloodstream caused by an obstruction of bile from the liver; characterized by a yellow discoloration of the sclera of the eye, skin, and mucous membranes

obstructive jaundice

27

Malignant neoplasm that aries from the lymphoid tissues

lymphoma

28

Dilated loops of bowel without peristalsis; associated with various abdominal problems, including pancreatitis, sickle cell crisis, and bowel obstruction

ileus

29

Space or cavity that contains fluid but has no true endothelial lining membrane

pseudocyst

30

"Sterile abscess" collection of pancreatic enzymes that accumulate in the available space in abdomen, usually in or near pancreas

pancreatic pseudocyst