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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (17)
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1

puberty

a period of rapid physical maturation, occurring primarily in early adolescence, that involves hormonal and bodily changes

2

menarche

a girl's first menstruation

3

hormones

powerful chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands and carried through the body by the bloodstream

4

corpus callosum

the location where fibers connect the brain's left and right hemispheres

5

limbic system

the parts of the brain where emotions and rewards are processed

6

amygdala

the region of the brain that is the seat of emotions

7

sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

infections that are contracted primarily though sexual contact, including oral-genital and anal-genital contact

8

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation

9

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge-and-purge pattern

10

hypothetical-deductive reasoning

Piaget's formal operational concept that adolescents have the cognitive ability to develop hypotheses, or best guesses, about ways to solve problems

11

adolescent egocentrism

the heightened self-consciousness of adolescents

12

imaginary audience

adolescent's belief that others are as interested in them as they themselves are as well as attention-getting behavior motivated by a desire to be noticed, visible, and "on stage"

13

personal fable

the part of adolescent egocentrism that involves and adolescent's sense of uniqueness and invincibility (or invulnerability)

14

cognitive control

effective control of thinking in a number of areas, including controlling attention, reducing interfering thoughts, and being cognitively flexible

15

dual-process model

a view of thinking in which decision making is influenced by two systems – one analytical and one experimental – that compete with each other

16

top-dog phenomenon

the circumstance of moving from the top position in elementary school to the lowest position in middle or junior high school

17

service learning

a form of education that promotes social responsibility and service to the community