Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (15):
1

Who wrote "The Rivals"?

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

2

Who wrote "School for Scandal"?

Richard Brinsley Sheridan.

3

What was passed by the English Parliament that restricted presentations of drama to the Drury Lane and Covenant Garden theatres?

The Licensing Act of 1737.

4

How was the predominant approach to acting in the 18th century described?

Bombastic or declamatory.

5

What painting technique was introduced to heighten atmospheric quality by emphasizing the contrast between light and dark?

Chiaroscuro.

6

What English new dramatic form was a parody of Italian opera?

Ballad Opera. Characters were drawn from the middle and lower classes. Frequently, they were social and political satires poking fun at contemporary issues.

7

Who were the most influential designers and theatre architects of the 18th century?

Bibena Family

8

Who are said to be the founders of modern stage direction?

(English actor) David Garrick and (German playwright) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

9

What important transformation occurred in the 18th century enlarging the house of theatres?

Theatre was directed more towards the middle and lower classes provoking them to come see the shows.

10

Which two theatres dominated London theatres during the 18th Century?

Drury Lane and Covenant Garden.

11

What some monarchs became known as that rejected the concept of divine right?

Enlightened Despots.

12

What are the innovations that the Bibiena's are noted for in theatrical production during the 18th century?

Their use of baroque art in scenic design
The vast scale and elaborate ornamentation of their settings
Their use of angle perspective

13

aspects of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's work in the theatre during the 18th century.

He was a playwright, critic and philosopher. He held intensive rehearsals and expected actors to work as a unified ensemble. He was not an advocate of a natural style of acting, but he believed the actor should address the audience. He believed in historical accuracy. He even trained his audieces in decorum and established our modern tradition of decorum. One of the most prominent playwrights of sturm und drang.

14

Aspects of Sturm und Drang movement in the theatre during the 18th century.

playwrights rejected against the neoclassical ideals and questioned the clear-cut morality of sentimental comedy and bourgeois tragedy.
Sturm und Drang, storm and stress, dramatists rejected dramatic rules and were not uniform in their techniques, some using episodic structure, mixing genres, and presenting violence onstage.
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller were the two most prominent playwrights of sturm und drang.

15

Aspects of melodrama in the theatre of the 18th century.

By the end of the 18th century melodrama had begun to emerge at the boulevard theatres in Paris. Melodrama was visually spectacular and dramatized the battle between good and evil. The emergence of melodrama in the last half of the 18th century paved the way for melodrama to become a dominant form in the 19th century.