Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (29):
1

Who is the founder of realism?

Henrik Ibsen

2

Who wrote extensively for the Fabian Society?

George Bernard Shaw

3

What can be seen as a subdivision or realism?

Naturalism

4

How workers gained economic and political power

Unions

5

What did Stanislavski and Danchenko found?

The Moscow Art Theatre

6

What kind of drama had almost no plot action; rather, it often took the form of lyric drama?

Symbolist Drama

7

Who altered our way of understanding as he explored his theory of relativity?

Albert Einstein

8

What two men modern stage designs with?

Adolph Appia and Edward Gordon Craig

9

What is the national theatre of Ireland?

Abbey Theatre

10

Who was Stanislavski's counterpart in the external, antirealistic movement in theatre?

Vsevelode Meyerhold

11

Who was the most famous proponent of naturalism?

E'mile Zola

12

Who berated Stanislavski for neglecting the humor in his plays?

Anton Chekov

13

Who is generally considered to be the most successful symbolist dramatist?

Maurice Maeterlinck

14

What consisted of skeletal frames, ramps, stairways, and platforms that were highly theatrical, not intended to be representational?

Constructivist Sets

15

Who developed the most famous system for training performers to act realistically?

Konstantin Stanislavski

16

Modern Realism

Henrik Ibsen

17

Naturalism

E'mile Zola

18

Biomechanics

Vsevelode Meyerhold

19

Realistic Acting System

Konstantin Stanislavski

20

The Moscow Art Theatre

Vladimir Danchenko

21

Modern Stage Design

Adolph Appia

22

Heartbreak House

George Bernard Shaw

23

The Cherry Orchard

Anton Chekov

24

Miss Julie

August Strindberg

25

The Playboy of the Western World

John Millington Synge

26

What are the aspects of the emergence of realism in theatre?

Realism sought to convince their audiences that the stage action represented everyday life.
The action onstage resembled what people could observe around them : characters, spoke, and dressed like ordinary people.
Realists believed no subject matter should be excluded from the stage; the purpose of drama was to call the audience's attention to social problems in order to bring about change
Realists refused to make simple moral judgements or to resolve these conflicts neatly
Unlike popular mlodrmas, realistic plays frequently implied that morality and immorality were relative- not easy to distinguish or define
instead of stock characters, realists created complicated personalities who would seem to have been molded by both heredity and environment.
The language of these characters were colloquial and conversational

27

What are the four full titles of Ibsen's realistic social dramas of his middle period?

The Pillar's of Society
A Doll's House
Ghosts
An Enemy of the People, and Hedda Gabler

28

What are the broad aims of the exercises and techniques for the actor Stanislavski developed?

To make the outward behavior of the performer - gesture, voice, and rhythm of movements- natural convincing
To have the actor convey the goals and objectives (the inner needs) of a character
To make the life of the character onstage not only dynamic but also continuous
To develop a strong sense of ensemble playing with the with the other performers in the scene

29

What biomechanics and constructivist sets are and who created them?

Biomechanics an acting system which emphasized external physical trained and performance style, and he suggested the actor's body could be trained to operate like a machine.
Constuctivist sets provided machines for his performers to work on. Set consisted of skeletal frames, ramps, staiways, and platforms that were highly theatrical, not intended to be representational.
Created by Vsevelode Meyerhold